Effect of smoking cessation for 1 year on periodontal biomarkers in gingival crevicular fluid.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE The aim of this 12 mo prospective study was to assess the effect of smoking cessation on periodontal tissue without periodontal intervention, using matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-8, MMP-9 and interleukin (IL)-1ß in gingival crevicular fluid, and nicotine and cotinine in saliva. MATERIAL AND METHODS Of the 122 male smokers enrolled… (More)
DOI: 10.1111/jre.12316

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