Effect of sex steroids on cocaine lethality in male and female mice.

1. Endogenous sex steroid levels were altered in mice via gonadectomy, via physiological or supraphysiological doses of testosterone and/or estradiol, and via tamoxifen dosing to antagonize estrogens. 2. The role of sex hormones in susceptibility to cocaine lethality was examined via the response of mice after endocrine alterations to an intraperitoneal (i… (More)