Effect of screw diameter, insertion technique, and bone cement augmentation of pedicular screw fixation strength.

This study investigated (1) the effect of screw diameter and insertion technique in lumbar vertebrae, and insertion site in the sacrum, on the axial pullout force and transverse bending stiffness of pedicle screws, and (2) the effect of bone cement augmentation using polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) and the biodegradable composite, poly(propylene glycol… CONTINUE READING