Effect of road deicing salt on the susceptibility of amphibian embryos to infection by water molds.

@article{Karraker2009EffectOR,
  title={Effect of road deicing salt on the susceptibility of amphibian embryos to infection by water molds.},
  author={Nancy Elizabeth Karraker and Gregory R. Ruthig},
  journal={Environmental research},
  year={2009},
  volume={109 1},
  pages={40-5}
}
Some causative agents of amphibian declines act synergistically to impact individual amphibians and their populations. In particular, pathogenic water molds (aquatic oomycetes) interact with environmental stressors and increase mortality in amphibian embryos. We documented colonization of eggs of three amphibian species, the wood frog (Rana sylvatica), the green frog (Rana clamitans), and the spotted salamander (Ambystoma maculatum), by water molds in the field and examined the interactive… CONTINUE READING