Effect of resistance training with and without caloric restriction on visceral fat: A systemic review and meta‐analysis

@article{Khalafi2021EffectOR,
  title={Effect of resistance training with and without caloric restriction on visceral fat: A systemic review and meta‐analysis},
  author={Mousa Khalafi and Abbas Malandish and Sara K. Rosenkranz and Ali A Ravasi},
  journal={Obesity Reviews},
  year={2021},
  volume={22}
}
We performed a systematic review and meta‐analysis to investigate the effect of resistance training (RT) with and without caloric restriction (CR) on visceral fat (VF). PubMed and Scopus were searched to identify original articles published through December 2020. Standardized mean differences and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were determined, and separate analyses were conducted for RT versus control, and RT plus CR versus CR only. Thirty‐four studies including 38 intervention arms and… 

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 108 REFERENCES
The impact of exercise training versus caloric restriction on inflammation markers: a systemic review and meta-analysis.
TLDR
Results suggest that a combination of EX and CR may be more effective than CR alone at reducing inflammatory cytokines and CRP in overweight and obese individuals.
A systematic review and meta‐analysis of the effect of aerobic vs. resistance exercise training on visceral fat
TLDR
A systematic review and meta‐analysis of the efficacy of exercise interventions on VAT content/volume in overweight and obese adults suggests that aerobic exercise is central for exercise programmes aimed at reducing VAT, and that aerobic Exercise below current recommendations for overweight/obesity management may be sufficient for beneficial VAT modification.
Effect of High-Intensity Interval Training on Total, Abdominal and Visceral Fat Mass: A Meta-Analysis
TLDR
There was some evidence of the greater effectiveness of HIIT running versus cycling, but owing to the wide variety of protocols used and the lack of full details about cycling training, further comparisons need to be made.
Influence of resistance exercise on lean body mass in aging adults: a meta-analysis.
TLDR
Findings suggest that RE participation earlier in life may provide superior effectiveness, and RE is effective for eliciting gains in LBM among aging adults, particularly with higher-volume programs.
A systematic review and meta‐analysis on the effects of exercise training versus hypocaloric diet: distinct effects on body weight and visceral adipose tissue
TLDR
Despite a larger effect of diet on total body weight loss, exercise tends to have superior effects in reducing VAT and may represent a poor marker when evaluating benefits of lifestyle‐interventions.
Effect of 12-Month Resistance Training on Changes in Abdominal Adipose Tissue and Metabolic Variables in Patients with Prediabetes: A Randomized Controlled Trial
TLDR
Both aerobic training and resistance training are effective in reducing abdominal adipose tissue and fasting plasma glucose in adults with prediabetes and Resistance training but not aerobic training is effective in augmenting muscle mass.
Resistance training does not contribute to improving the metabolic profile after a 6-month weight loss program in overweight and obese postmenopausal women.
TLDR
CR+ RT was associated with greater losses in percent FM and trunk FM compared with CR alone, however, CR+RT was not associated with additional improvements in the metabolic profile compared withCR alone.
Effects of resistance training and endurance training on insulin sensitivity in nonobese, young women: a controlled randomized trial.
TLDR
Examination of the effects of a 6-month randomized program of endurance training, resistance training, or control conditions on insulin sensitivity in nonobese, younger women concludes that enhanced glucose uptake after physical training in young women occurs with and without changes in FFM and body composition.
The Effect of Exercise on Visceral Adipose Tissue in Overweight Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
TLDR
It is suggested that an aerobic exercise program, without hypocaloric diet, can show beneficial effects to reduce visceral adipose tissue with more than 30 cm2 (on CT analysis) in women and more than 40 cm2 in men, even after 12 weeks.
Weight-loss diet alone or combined with resistance training induces different regional visceral fat changes in obese women
TLDR
Different weight loss regimes may lead to different distribution of VAT, as WL+RT programs lead to significant changes in the location of highest mean VAT area from L3-L4 to L2-L3 discal level from pre- to post- intervention, whereas after WL the greatest relative VAT losses were located at L5-S1.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...