Effect of recycled litter on immune cells in the cecal tonsils of chickens.


This experiment was conducted to study selected aspects of the gut immune response in broiler chicks reared on fresh or recycled litter that were fed diets with and without subtherapeutic antibiotic supplementation. All of the chicks were reared in pens that contained either fresh pine shavings (fresh litter) or litter that was recycled for 3 consecutive… (More)
DOI: 10.3382/ps.2011-01800