Effect of probiotics on preventing disruption of the intestinal microflora following antibiotic therapy: a double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study.

@article{Madden2005EffectOP,
  title={Effect of probiotics on preventing disruption of the intestinal microflora following antibiotic therapy: a double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot study.},
  author={Jennifer A. J. Madden and Sue Plummer and James Tang and Iveta Garaiov{\'a} and Nigel T Plummer and Mary Herbison and John Hunter and Takashi Shimada and Lei Cheng and Taro Shirakawa},
  journal={International immunopharmacology},
  year={2005},
  volume={5 6},
  pages={
          1091-7
        }
}

Tables from this paper

Effect of a Milk Formula With Prebiotics on the Intestinal Microbiota of Infants After an Antibiotic Treatment

Prebiotics in a milk formula increase fecal bifidobacteria early after amoxicillin treatment without inducing gastrointestinal symptoms.

The Effect of a Multispecies Probiotic on the Intestinal Microbiota and Bowel Movements in Healthy Volunteers Taking the Antibiotic Amoxycillin

The intake of a multispecies probiotic significantly reduced diarrhea-like bowel movements in healthy volunteers receiving amoxycillin, suggesting that the amoxycilin effect was modulated by probiotic intake.

Clinical application of probiotics in the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection--a brief review.

Probiotics as an adjuvant treatment in Helicobacter pylori eradication therapy

Probiotics have been considered useful because of the improvements in H. pylori eradication rates and therapy‐related side effects although treatment outcomes using probiotics are controversial due to the heterogeneity of species, strains, doses and therapeutic duration of probiotics.

Guidance for substantiating the evidence for beneficial effects of probiotics: prevention and management of infections by probiotics.

Certain probiotics may also reduce the risk of various symptoms of respiratory tract infections in adults and children, including ear, nose, and throat infections, although data is currently far too limited to distill any clinical recommendations in this area.

Prophylactic probiotics reduce cow's milk protein intolerance in neonates after small intestine surgery and antibiotic treatment presenting symptoms that mimics postoperative infection.

CMPI was induced in newborns after surgery on their small intestines and antibiotics treatment with presentation of symptoms that mimic postoperative infection, and administration of probiotics can reduce the incidence of CMPI after small intestine surgery.

Probiotics in Clinical Practice: An Overview

The purpose of this clinical report is to review current evidence on the use of probiotics in a variety of gastrointestinal and non-gastrointestinal conditions.

Probiotics: delineation of prophylactic and therapeutic benefits.

Various findings suggesting their benefits in alleviating symptoms associated with aging, fatigue, and autism are listed and various claims indicating their role in reducing the risks of osteoporosis, obesity, and possibly type 2 diabetes are discussed.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 27 REFERENCES

Effect of lactic acid producing bacteria on the human intestinal microflora during ampicillin treatment.

The numbers of anaerobic gram-positive cocci and rods decreased in most subjects during ampicillin treatment but were normalized within 2 weeks, and bacteroides strains were recovered in higher numbers in the lactic acid producing bacteria group compared to the placebo group.

Probiotics in prevention of antibiotic associated diarrhoea: meta-analysis

The meta-analysis suggests that probiotics can be used to prevent antibiotic associated diarrhoea and that S boulardii and lactobacilli have the potential to be used in this situation.

Effect of supplements with lactic acid bacteria and oligofructose on the intestinal microflora during administration of cefpodoxime proxetil.

There was a dramatic decrease in anaerobic microorganisms on day 4 of administration, mainly caused by loss of bifidobacteria, and the number of lactobacilli decreased but was significantly higher in group A than in group C at the end of cefpodoxime proxetil administration.

Impact of Lactobacillus acidophilus on the normal intestinal microflora after administration of two antimicrobial agents

Though there was a partial restoration of the intestinal microflora due to the reestablishment of lactobacilli and enterococci, L. acidophilus administration could not accelerate the normalization of most other strongly suppressed microorganisms in the intestine.

Effects of omeprazole and amoxycillin on the human oral and gastrointestinal microflora in patients with Helicobacter pylori infection.

Treatment with omeprazole 20 mg and amoxycillin 1000 mg twice daily for 14 days altered the normal microflora in the oral, gastric and intestinal tract and antibiotic resistant microorganisms increased in numbers in the intestinal microfloras.

Probiotics, infection and immunity

Probiotic bacteria are effective in preventing and reducing the severity of acute diarrhoea in children and in inflammatory bowel disease, especially ulcerative colitis, probiotics offer a safe alternative to current therapy.

Comparative effects of omeprazole, amoxycillin plus metronidazole versus omeprazole, clarithromycin plus metronidazole on the oral, gastric and intestinal microflora in Helicobacter pylori-infected patients.

The amoxycillin-based treatment might be preferable from an ecological point of view, since the qualitative alterations in terms of emergence and persistence of resistant strains seemed to be most pronounced in the clarithromycin-treated group.

Probiotics: effects on immunity.

The data show that probiotics can be used as innovative tools to alleviate intestinal inflammation, normalize gut mucosal dysfunction, and down-regulate hypersensitivity reactions and suggest that specific immunomodulatory properties of probiotic bacteria should be characterized when developing clinical applications for extended target populations.

Effect of antimicrobial agents on the ecological balance of human microflora.

Impact of cefpodoxime proxetil and amoxicillin on the normal oral and intestinal microflora

In subjects receiving cefpodoxime proxetil, the numbers of streptococci, enterobacteria and clostridia were strongly reduced in the faecal flora, while there was an overgrowth of enterococci and yeasts and Clostridium difficile in the oral microflora.