Effect of prenatal vitamin supplementation on lower-genital levels of HIV type 1 and interleukin type 1 beta at 36 weeks of gestation.

@article{Fawzi2004EffectOP,
  title={Effect of prenatal vitamin supplementation on lower-genital levels of HIV type 1 and interleukin type 1 beta at 36 weeks of gestation.},
  author={Wafaie Wahib Fawzi and Gernard I. Msamanga and Gretchen Antelman and Chong En Xu and Ellen Hertzmark and Donna Spiegelman and David J. Hunter and Deborah Anderson},
  journal={Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America},
  year={2004},
  volume={38 5},
  pages={716-22}
}
Micronutrient status has been associated with shedding of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) in the lower-genital tract in observational studies. We examined the effect of vitamin supplements on genital HIV-1 shedding and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta ), a cytokine marker of vaginal inflammation and promotion of HIV-1 infection. Consenting HIV-1-infected pregnant women were randomized to receive daily supplementation with vitamin A and/or multivitamins B-complex, C, and E with use of a… CONTINUE READING