Effect of prenatal stress and gonadal hormone condition on depressive behaviors of female and male rats.

Whether prenatal stress (PNS) and gonadal hormones may influence depressive behavior of rats in the forced swim test was investigated. In Experiment I, adult diestrous female rats had increased immobility, which is indicative of depression, but did not show any significant difference in the duration of struggling compared to intact adult males. In… CONTINUE READING