Effect of potentially modifiable risk factors associated with myocardial infarction in 52 countries (the INTERHEART study): case-control study

@article{Yusuf2004EffectOP,
  title={Effect of potentially modifiable risk factors associated with myocardial infarction in 52 countries (the INTERHEART study): case-control study},
  author={Salim Yusuf and Steven Hawken and Stephanie {\^O}unpuu and Tony Dans and {\'A}lvaro Avezum and Fernando Lanas and Matthew B. McQueen and Andrzej Budaj and Prem Pais and John D Varigos and Liu Lisheng},
  journal={The Lancet},
  year={2004},
  volume={364},
  pages={937-952}
}
Risk Factors Associated With Myocardial Infarction in Africa: The INTERHEART Africa Study
Background— Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is rising in low-income countries. However, the impact of modifiable CVD risk factors on myocardial infarction (MI) has not been studied in sub-Saharan Africa
The Risk Factors of Premature Myocardial Infarction: A Case Control Study in Iran.
TLDR
The findings demonstrate that the effect of most of risk factors were mostly related to their life-style (distress, smoking, physical inactivity and dietary pattern); while family history of diseases was also important.
Nonfatal Acute Myocardial Infarction in Costa Rica: Modifiable Risk Factors, Population-Attributable Risks, and Adherence to Dietary Guidelines
TLDR
These findings confirm the benefit of a healthy diet, physical activity, moderate alcohol, and cessation of smoking as approaches for the primary prevention of MI.
The Incidence of Coronary Heart Disease and the Population Attributable Fraction of Its Risk Factors in Tehran: A 10-Year Population-Based Cohort Study
Background Data on incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) is scarce in the Middle East and little is known about the contribution of known risk factors in this area. Methods The incidence of CHD
Dietary Patterns and the Risk of Acute Myocardial Infarction in 52 Countries: Results of the INTERHEART Study
TLDR
An unhealthy dietary intake, assessed by a simple dietary risk score, increases the risk of AMI globally and accounts for ≈30% of the population-attributable risk.
Additive influence of genetic predisposition and conventional risk factors in the incidence of coronary heart disease: a population-based study in Greece
TLDR
Genetic predisposition to CHD, operationalised through a multilocus GRS, and ConvRFs have essentially additive effects on CHD risk, suggesting that the GRS and the ConvRF do not have effects beyond additivity.
Risk Factors for Acute Myocardial Infarction in Latin America: The INTERHEART Latin American Study
TLDR
Interventions aimed at decreasing behavioral risk factors, lowering blood pressure, and modifying lipids could have a large impact on the risk of acute myocardial infarction among Latin Americans.
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References

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INTER-HEART: A global study of risk factors for acute myocardial infarction.
TLDR
This study has the potential to have a major impact in developing a worldwide strategy for cardiovascular disease prevention, especially in developing countries and nonwhite populations.
Low risk-factor profile and long-term cardiovascular and noncardiovascular mortality and life expectancy: findings for 5 large cohorts of young adult and middle-aged men and women.
TLDR
Based on these very large cohort studies, for individuals with favorable levels of cholesterol and blood pressure who do not smoke and do not have diabetes, MI, or ECG abnormalities, long-term mortality is much lower and longevity is much greater.
Mediterranean diet, traditional risk factors, and the rate of cardiovascular complications after myocardial infarction: final report of the Lyon Diet Heart Study.
TLDR
The protective effect of the Mediterranean dietary pattern was maintained up to 4 years after the first infarction, confirming previous intermediate analyses and indicating that a comprehensive strategy to decrease cardiovascular morbidity and mortality should include primarily a cardioprotective diet.
Primary prevention of coronary heart disease in women through diet and lifestyle.
TLDR
Among women, adherence to lifestyle guidelines involving diet, exercise, and abstinence from smoking is associated with a very low risk of coronary heart disease.
Why is diabetes mellitus a stronger risk factor for fatal ischemic heart disease in women than in men? The Rancho Bernardo Study.
We report here the 14-year sex-specific effect of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus on the risk of fatal ischemic heart disease in a geographically defined population of men and women aged 40
Optimal risk factors in the population: prognosis, prevalence, and secular trends; data from Göteborg population studies.
TLDR
As expected, optimal risk factors with respect to serum cholesterol, blood pressure and smoking confers a very low risk of coronary death in the Swedish population, but the prevalence of optimal risk factor status in the population is still low.
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