Effect of oral probiotics supplementation in the prevention of necrotizing enterocolitis among very low birth weight preterm infants.


BACKGROUND Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most serious gastrointestinal problem in very low birth weight preterm infants. Multiple risk factors activate the inflammatory cascade leading to high expressions of pro-inflammatory mediators causing bowel injury in NEC. The anti-inflammatory effect of probiotics is due to the inhibition and reduction of… (More)



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