Effect of non-nutritive sucking and leg massage on physiological and behavioral indicators of pain following heel blood sampling in term neonates

  title={Effect of non-nutritive sucking and leg massage on physiological and behavioral indicators of pain following heel blood sampling in term neonates},
  author={M. Mirzarahimi and N. Mehrnoush and S. Shahizadeh and N. Samadi and F. Amani},
  journal={International Journal of Advanced Nursing Studies},
Background: Pain management is especially important for neonates who are not able to verbally express their pain. Non-pharmacological pain management method as an alternative to pharmacological pain medication has increased nowadays. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to test the effect of leg massage and non-nutritive sucking (NNS) on reducing the pain that neonates experience when undergoing the heel stick procedure for blood testing. Methods: This investigation was a random controlled… Expand
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Effect of Expressed Breast Milk versus Leg Massage on Preterm Neonates ' Pain during Heel Lance
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The efficacy of non-pharmacological interventions in the management of procedural pain in preterm and term neonates. A systematic literature review.
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  • S. Gibbins, B. Stevens
  • Medicine
  • Advances in neonatal care : official journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
  • 2003
Significant GA differences in behavioral and physiologic responses were found, with the most mature neonates demonstrating the greatest magnitude of pain response, and research on the efficacy and safety of repeated doses of oral sucrose, tested in infants from a wide range of GA is required. Expand