Effect of mental abacus training on working memory for children

@article{Chen2011EffectOM,
  title={Effect of mental abacus training on working memory for children},
  author={Min-Sheng Chen and Tzu-Chang Wang and Chih-Nan Wang},
  journal={Journal of the Chinese Institute of Industrial Engineers},
  year={2011},
  volume={28},
  pages={450 - 457}
}
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of mental abacus training on children's working memory. To accomplish this, the role played by the visuo-spatial sketchpad and phonological loop with regard to the working memory task in three experiments, and three distraction tasks were manipulated to investigate it. The results of experiments 1–3 suggest that training to perform mental arithmetic calculations and digit span enhances participants’ ability to retain visuo-spatial and… 

Effects of mental abacus training over cognitive flexibility: An exploratory study

Mental Abacus (MA) training teaches students to solve math problems by visualizing a physical abacus structure to perform arithmetic operations. Research shows that MA practice relates with enhanced

A Review of the Effects of Abacus Training on Cognitive Functions and Neural Systems in Humans

Findings from previous behavioral and neuroimaging studies about AMC experts as well as children and adults receiving AMC training are reviewed and suggests that AMC training has the potential to enhance various cognitive skills including mathematics, working memory and numerical magnitude processing.

Easy Abacus Calculation in Early Childhood to Support Executive Function: An Educational Pilot Case Study of Comparing Brain Activity in the Prefrontal Cortex

This study’s results provide a breakthrough in cognitive psychology, educational psychology, neuropsychology, and other fields related to child support, which are struggling to find valuable, practical practices for children in the field (i.e., schools and homes) beyond the laboratory.

A Feel for Numbers: The Changing Role of Gesture in Manipulating the Mental Representation of an Abacus Among Children at Different Skill Levels

It is suggested that for intermediate and advanced learners, motor-spatial representation through abacus co-thought gestures may complement visual-sp spatial representation of a mental abacus to reduce working memory load.

Assessment and comparison of cognitive function tests in abacus trained and untrained students aged 8-12 years in the South-Indian population

Introduction and Aim: During childhood period, cognitive decline could manifest as learning disability. Cognitive abilities, which have a strong relationship with synaptic plasticity an amazing

Continuing Professional Education for Pre-service Teachers of Mental Arithmetic

The intellectual development of preschoolers and primary school children is facilitated by mental arithmetic training using a system of quick oral math on an abacus. A continuing professional

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 32 REFERENCES

Effects of skill training on working memory capacity

Separate roles for executive and phonological components of working memory in mental arithmetic

The results suggest that the carrying component of mental arithmetic places substantial demands on executive processes, whereas the need to retain problem information is met by the phonological loop.

Counting on working memory in arithmetic problem solving

The data support the view that the subvocal rehearsal component of working memory provides a means of maintaining accuracy in mental arithmetic, and this matches a similar conclusion derived from previous work on counting.

Working memory and children's mental addition.

It is concluded that the natural task of mental addition, which combines processing and storage as intrinsic components, reflects working memory in a similar way to counting span, an artificial task designed to load working memory by combining separateprocessing and storage subtasks.

Evidence for a Visuo-Spatial Scratch-Pad in Working Memory

Findings are taken as consistent with Baddeley's argument for two slave systems in working memory: the articulatory loop and the more controversial visuo-spatial scratch-pad.

Arithmetic operation and working memory: differential suppression in dual tasks

Exploring the Visuo-Spatial Scratch Pad

  • N. Morris
  • Psychology, Biology
    The Quarterly journal of experimental psychology. A, Human experimental psychology
  • 1987
The results suggest that central executive resources are probably required to operate the scratch pad in most circumstances, however, minimal central capacity is required for maintenance rehersal.

Cognitive representations and processes in arithmetic: inferences from the performance of brain-damaged subjects.

Data is presented from two brain-damaged patients with calculation impairments in support of claims about the cognitive mechanisms underlying simple arithmetic performance to make the following theoretical claims: that some arithmetic facts are stored in the form of individual fact representations, and that calculation algorithms may include special-case procedures that function to increase the speed or efficiency of problem solving.