Effect of maintaining apical patency on irrigant penetration into the apical third of root canals when using passive ultrasonic irrigation: an in vivo study.

@article{Vera2011EffectOM,
  title={Effect of maintaining apical patency on irrigant penetration into the apical third of root canals when using passive ultrasonic irrigation: an in vivo study.},
  author={Jorge Del Rio Vera and Ana Arias and M{\'o}nica Romero},
  journal={Journal of endodontics},
  year={2011},
  volume={37 9},
  pages={1276-8}
}
INTRODUCTION The complex anatomy of the root canal system has been shown to limit the penetration of irrigating solutions into the apical third; hence, the aim of this study was to determine whether the use of a patency file is related to the presence of a radiopaque irrigating solution in the apical third of human root canals after using passive ultrasonic activation in vivo. METHODS Forty human root canals were randomly divided into two groups. Apical patency was maintained in one group (n… CONTINUE READING
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Study on the influence of refreshment/activation cycles and irrigants on mechanical cleaning efficiency during ultrasonic activation of the irrigant

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