Effect of low dosages of powdered activated carbon on membrane bioreactor performance.

Abstract

Previous research has demonstrated that powdered activated carbon (PAC), when applied at very low dosages and long SRTs, reduces membrane fouling in membrane bioreactors (MBRs). This effect was related to the formation of stronger sludge flocs, which are less sensitive to shear. In this contribution the long-term effect of PAC addition was studied by… (More)
DOI: 10.2166/wst.2012.942

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