Food Intake, Fibrinolysis and Risk Factors for Cardiovascular Disease
- Birgitta Sundell-Rånby, AKADEMISK AVHANDLING, Birgitta Sundell-Råaby
We studied the effect of low-density lipoproteins (LDL) on the synthesis and secretion of proteoglycans by cultured human umbilical-vein endothelial cells. Confluent cultures were incubated with [35S]sulphate or [3H]glucosamine in lipoprotein-deficient serum in the presence and in the absence (control) of LDL (100-400 micrograms/ml), and metabolically labelled proteoglycans in culture medium and cell layer were analysed. LDL increased accumulation of labelled proteoglycans in medium and cell fractions up to a concentration of 200 micrograms/ml. At this concentration of LDL the accumulations of proteoglycans in medium and cell layer were 65% and 32% respectively above control for 35S-labelled proteoglycans, and 55% and 28% respectively above control for 3H-labelled proteoglycans. At concentrations above this LDL was found to depress the accumulation of proteoglycans in medium and cell layer. Gel filtration on Sepharose CL-4B showed that in both control and LDL-treated cultures the cell layer contained a large (Kav. = 0) and a small (Kav. = 0.35) heparan sulphate proteoglycan, whereas the culture medium contained a large heparan sulphate proteoglycan (Kav. = 0) and a smaller isomeric chondroitin sulphate proteoglycan (control, Kav. = 0.35; LDL-treated, Kav. = 0.17). The relative increase in hydrodynamic size of the isomeric chondroitin sulphate proteoglycan (Mr 150,000 compared with 90,000) in the medium of cultures exposed to LDL was partly attributable to the larger size of the glycosaminoglycan side chains (Mr 39,000 compared with 21,000). The isomeric chondroitin sulphate proteoglycan in LDL-treated culture was relatively enriched in chondroitin 6-sulphate compared with that in control cultures (39% compared with 29%). Pulse-chase studies showed that LDL treatment did not alter the turnover rate of proteoglycans as compared with controls, implying that the elevation in proteoglycan accumulation in LDL-treated cultures was due to enhanced synthesis. These results demonstrate that LDL can modulate proteoglycan synthesis by cultured vascular endothelial cells, resulting in the secretion of a larger isomeric chondroitin sulphate proteoglycan enriched in chondroitin 6-sulphate.