Effect of ketoprofen, lidocaine local anesthesia, and combined xylazine and lidocaine caudal epidural anesthesia during castration of beef cattle on stress responses, immunity, growth, and behavior.

@article{Ting2003EffectOK,
  title={Effect of ketoprofen, lidocaine local anesthesia, and combined xylazine and lidocaine caudal epidural anesthesia during castration of beef cattle on stress responses, immunity, growth, and behavior.},
  author={S. T. L. Ting and Bernadette Earley and J. M. Lynne Hughes and Mark A Crowe},
  journal={Journal of animal science},
  year={2003},
  volume={81 5},
  pages={
          1281-93
        }
}
  • S. T. L. Ting, Bernadette Earley, +1 author Mark A Crowe
  • Published in Journal of animal science 2003
  • Medicine
  • To determine the effects of burdizzo castration alone or in combination with ketoprofen (K), local anesthesia (LA), or caudal epidural anesthesia (EPI) on plasma cortisol, acute-phase proteins, interferon-gamma production, growth, and behavior of beef cattle, 50 Holstein x Friesian bulls (13 mo old, 307 +/- 5.3 kg) were assigned to (n = 10/treatment): 1) control (handled; C); 2) burdizzo castration (B); 3) B following K (3 mg/ kg of BW i.v.; BK); 4) B following LA (8 mL into each testis and 3… CONTINUE READING

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