Effect of hydrolysable tannins on intestinal morphology, proliferation and apoptosis in entire male pigs.

Abstract

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of hydrolysable tannin supplementation on morphology, cell proliferation and apoptosis in the intestine and liver of fattening boars. A total of 24 boars (Landrace × Large white) were assigned to four treatment groups: Control (fed commercial feed mixture) and three experimental groups fed the same diet supplemented with 1%, 2% and 3% of hydrolysable tannin-rich extract. Animals were housed individually with ad libitum access to feed and then slaughtered at 193 d of age and 122 ± 10 kg body weight. Diets supplemented with hydrolysable tannin affected the morphometric traits of the duodenum mucosa as reflected in increased villus height, villus perimeter and mucosal thickness. No effect was observed on other parts of the small intestine. In the large intestine, tannin supplementation reduced mitosis (in the caecum and descending colon) and apoptosis (in the caecum, ascending and descending colon). No detrimental effect of tannin supplementation on liver tissue was observed. The present findings suggest that supplementing boars with hydrolysable tannins at concentrations tested in this experiment has no unfavourable effects on intestinal morphology. On the contrary, it may alter cell debris production in the large intestine and thus reduce intestinal skatole production.

DOI: 10.1080/1745039X.2016.1206735

Cite this paper

@article{Biliobot2016EffectOH, title={Effect of hydrolysable tannins on intestinal morphology, proliferation and apoptosis in entire male pigs.}, author={Diana Bili{\'c}-{\vS}obot and Valentina Kubale and Martin {\vS}krlep and Marjeta {\vC}andek-Potokar and Maja Prevolnik Pov{\vs}e and Gregor Fazarinc and Dejan {\vS}korjanc}, journal={Archives of animal nutrition}, year={2016}, volume={70 5}, pages={378-88} }