Effect of humans and pumas on the temporal activity of ocelots in protected areas of Atlantic Forest

  title={Effect of humans and pumas on the temporal activity of ocelots in protected areas of Atlantic Forest},
  author={Rodrigo Lima Massara and A M O Paschoal and Larissa Lynn Bailey and Paul Francis Doherty and Marcela de Frias Barreto and Adriano Garcia Chiarello},
  journal={Mammalian Biology},

Evaluation of Human Disturbance on the Activity of Medium–Large Mammals in Myanmar Tropical Forests

The effects of human disturbance represent one of the major threats for wildlife conservation. Many studies have shown that wildlife avoids or reduces direct contact with human activities through

Effects of human impacts on habitat use, activity patterns and ecological relationships among medium and small felids of the Atlantic Forest

The habitat use and the spatial and temporal interspecific relations of the medium and small Atlantic Forest felids, in a landscape with different levels of anthropogenic impact, and co-occurrence models indicated that the probability of habitat use by southern tiger cats decreased with ocelot occupancy probability.

Can prey occupancy act as a surrogate for mesopredator occupancy? A case study of ocelot (Leopardus pardalis)

Understanding the trophic structure of carnivore communities leads to improved species management and conservation, particularly in highly threatened, yet scarcely studied habitats such as tropical

Human disturbance and the activity patterns and temporal overlap of tapirs and jaguars in reserves of NW Belize

Human disturbance from tourism and other non‐consumptive activities in protected areas may be stressful to wildlife. Animals may move away in space or time to avoid human interaction. For species of

Temporal and spatial segregation of top predators (Felidae) in a Mexican tropical Biosphere Reserve

Jaguars, Panthera onca (Linnaeus, 1758), and pumas, Puma concolor (Linnaeus, 1771) are the largest felids in the neotropics. Both can overlap in niche axes (time, space and prey), and are therefore

Margay (Leopardus wiedii) in the southernmost Atlantic Forest: Density and activity patterns under different levels of anthropogenic disturbance

The margay is mostly nocturnal, and while its densities are positively influenced by forest cover and negatively influenced by human disturbance, the activity pattern of the species does not seem to change across landscapes with distinct levels of human modification.

Temporal overlap among small- and medium-sized mammals in a grassland and a forest–alpine meadow of Central Asia

Assessing carnivores and prey temporal activity patterns as well as their overlap provides valuable insights into behavioural mitigations of competition. Moon phases may also play an important role

Habitat use of the ocelot (Leopardus pardalis) in Brazilian Amazon

Using occupancy modeling incorporating spatial autocorrelation, habitat use for ocelot populations across the Brazilian Amazon was assessed and a positive sigmoidal correlation between remote‐sensing derived metrics of forest cover and elevation was revealed, indicating important species–habitat relationships.

Temporal segregation among sympatric boreal predators

The results suggest that temporal partitioning plays a smaller role in the coexistence of these predators than anticipated, while revealing some interesting trends and suggesting other factors that may play a role in their niche segregation.



Factors influencing ocelot occupancy in Brazilian Atlantic Forest reserves

Over 80% of Atlantic Forest remnants are <50 ha and protected areas are embedded in a matrix dominated by human activities, undermining the long‐term persistence of carnivores. The ocelot (Leopardus

Temporal separation between jaguar and puma in the dry forests of southern Bolivia

Temporal separation may be an important behavioural factor promoting the coexistence of jaguar and puma in some areas of this dry forest of the Bolivian Chaco.

Ecological interactions between ocelots and sympatric mesocarnivores in protected areas of the Atlantic Forest, southeastern Brazil

Fragmentation and habitat loss are top threats to tropical forest biodiversity and the Atlantic Forest is no exception. Over 80% of Atlantic Forest remnants in Brazil are < 50 ha and lack resident

Ocelot Population Status in Protected Brazilian Atlantic Forest

Ocelot abundance was positively correlated with reserve size and the presence of top predators (jaguar and pumas) and negatively correlated with the number of dogs and higher detection probabilities in less forested areas as compared to larger, intact forests.

Ecology of the ocelot (Leopardus pardalis) in the Atlantic Forest of Southern Brazil

The nocturnal pattern recorded is probably related with prey activity, since it is suggested that ocelots adjust their movements to the probabilities of encountering local prey, or with an evolutionary factor, aiming to avoid competition/predation with larger cats.

High consumption of primates by pumas and ocelots in a remnant of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest.

The results indicate a relatively high consumption of primates by felines in the ocelot and puma at the Feliciano Miguel Abdala Reserve, in Minas Gerais, south-eastern Brazil, which may be the result of the high local density of primates as well as the greater exposure to the risks of predation in fragmented landscapes.

Jaguar and Puma Activity Patterns and Predator‐Prey Interactions in Four Brazilian Biomes

The findings suggest that temporal partitioning is probably not a generalized mechanism of coexistence between jaguars and pumas; instead, the partitioning of habitat/space use and food resources may play a larger role in mediating top predator coexistence.

Abundance changes and activity flexibility of the oncilla, Leopardus tigrinus (Carnivora: Felidae), appear to reflect avoidance of conflict

Results provide evidence that oncilla may thrive even in harsh environments where other cats have already been extinct, and raise interesting conservation insights, as in the absence of other cats, L. tigrinus may assume a top predator role of these impoverished vertebrate communities.

Activity patterns of carnivores in the rain forests of Madagascar: implications for species coexistence

The presence and activity of exotic carnivores can negatively impact native carnivores in fragmented rain forests and is suggested to lead to native species extirpation.