Effect of high volume epidural morphine, ketamine and butorphanol on halothane minimum alveolar concentration in ponies.

@article{Doherty1997EffectOH,
  title={Effect of high volume epidural morphine, ketamine and butorphanol on halothane minimum alveolar concentration in ponies.},
  author={Thomas John Doherty and Dennis R Geiser and Barton W. Rohrbach},
  journal={Equine veterinary journal},
  year={1997},
  volume={29 5},
  pages={
          370-3
        }
}
This study determined the effects of epidurally administered morphine, ketamine and butorphanol on halothane minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) in ponies. Seven ponies were anaesthetised with thiopentone and succinylcholine, intubated and anaesthesia maintained with halothane. Ventilation was controlled and blood pressure was maintained within normal limits. Following the determination of baseline halothane MAC for the pelvic and thoracic limbs the ponies were given morphine (0.1 mg/kg bwt… CONTINUE READING
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