Change in circularity index of cell lumen in a cross-section of wood induced by aqueous NaOH
The variation of the mean microfibril angle (MFA) and the shape of the cross-section of lumen with the distance from the pith in fast grown Norway spruce were studied by X-ray scattering and optical microscopy. The samples were from stems of a clone of Norway spruce [ Picea abies (L.) Karst.] grown in a fertile site at Nurmijärvi, southern Finland Both the mean MFA and the circularity index of the lumen of the fast-grown trees decreased more gradually as the distance from the pith increased than those in reference trees grown in a medium fertility site. However, in mature wood the mean MFA reached the same level in fast-grown trees as in reference trees (5°–10°) but the cross-sections of the cells remained more circular in fast-grown trees than in reference trees. The dependence of the mean MFA on the distance from the pith was similar for earlywood and latewood, but the values of the mean MFA of latewood were systematically smaller than those of earlywood. Two different X-ray diffraction geometries were compared from the points of view of biology and data analysis.