Liver glycogen content and blood glucose level of 80 male Wistar rats were measured 4 times a day, 30 d after following surgeries: sham-operation without exposure to cold, sham-operation with exposure to cold (283 K, 72 h before killing), extirpation of the ganglia cervicalia superiora (GX) without exposure to cold, extirpation of the ganglia cervicalia superiora with exposure to cold (283 K, 72 h before killing). Exposure to cold alone as well as GX with and without exposure to cold modify the unimodal daily patterns (curves were calculated by means of empirical regression) of liver glycogen content and blood glucose level: there are changes from contrary localization of the maxima (and minima) of both, liver glycogen content and blood glucose level (exposure to cold alone) to nearly equal localization (GX alone). Compared to control group, all surgeries reduce the liver glycogen content statistical-significantly and also enhance the blood glucose level. Combination of GX with exposure to cold shows the strongest effect. In this case, the influence of GX is visible, but the effect is not significantly different from this of exposure to cold alone, which causes a high activation of the metabolism. To the contrary, a statistically significant influence is to be seen after GX alone, but the effect is lower than this one of exposure to cold. Extirpation of the ganglia cervicalia superiora and the resulting sympathetic denervation of the pineal gland is answered by comparable reactions of the investigated parameters as the extirpation of the pineal gland itself (90 d post operationem). Diminuation of liver glycogen content and enhancement of blood glucose level characterize the influence of gangliectomy (30 d post operationem) in this way, that the ratio of effect of factors causing hypo- and hyperglycemia is changed in favour of the latter.