Changes of the individual phospholipid fatty acid composition under the normothermal short-time ischemia with following reperfusion were investigated. Modification of the phospholipid fatty acid (FA) composition under ischemia-reperfusion didn't bear total character and was more manifested in cardiolipin (CL) and phosphatidylethanolamine (PE). The decrease of short chain FA in these phospholipids (more than by 50%) was observed. The amount of unsaturated FA included in CL increased and whole the saturated ones decreased. This caused the rise of the unsaturation index. The selective type of the changes suggested that they had an adaptive character. The addition of the N-stearoilethanolamine (NSE) into the perfusion solution caused a normalization of saturated and unsaturated FA relative amount, as well as of omega-3 and omega-9 FA level in CL. The modification of the FA composition of phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylserine (PS) and phosphatidylinositol (PI) was also found. The quantity of arachidonic acid in PC increased by 26% and the amount of stearinic acid enhanced in PS. The labeled N-([1-(14)C]-palmitoil)-ethanolamine was found in different lipid classes of the rat organs immediately 5 min following intraperitoneal injection. Approximately 1/3 of all incorporated label accumulated in the phospholipid fraction, and more than 50% of the labels were found in CL.