Effect of electrode impedance on spread of excitation and pitch perception using electrically coupled "dual-electrode" stimulation.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES In newer-generation Cochlear Ltd. cochlear implants, two adjacent electrodes can be electrically coupled to produce a single contact or "dual electrode" (DE). The goal of the present study was to evaluate whether relatively large impedance differences (>3.0 kOhms) between coupled electrodes affect the excitation pattern and pitch percepts produced by the DE. DESIGN Fifteen electrode pairs in six recipients were tested. Neural spread-of-excitation patterns and pitch perception were measured for adjacent physical electrodes (PEs) and the resulting DE to determine if the lower-impedance PE in the pair dominates the DE response pattern. The results were compared with a "normative sample" (impedance differences <3.0 kOhms) from two earlier studies. RESULTS In general, spread-of-excitation patterns for DEs more closely approximated those of the lower-impedance PE in each pair. The DE was more easily distinguished in pitch from the higher-impedance PE than the lower-impedance PE. The electrically evoked compound action potential and perceptual results generally differed from those of the normative group. CONCLUSIONS Impedance differences between adjacent PEs should be considered if DE stimulation is implemented in future research studies or clinical coding strategies.

DOI: 10.1097/AUD.0000000000000098

Cite this paper

@article{Hughes2015EffectOE, title={Effect of electrode impedance on spread of excitation and pitch perception using electrically coupled "dual-electrode" stimulation.}, author={Michelle L Hughes and Jacquelyn L Baudhuin and Jenny L Goehring}, journal={Ear and hearing}, year={2015}, volume={36 2}, pages={e50-6} }