Effect of electroconvulsive therapy on gray matter volume in major depressive disorder.

Abstract

BACKGROUND Although the clinical efficacy of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is well established, the underlying mechanisms of action remain elusive. The aim of this study was to elucidate structural changes of the brain following ECT in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). METHOD Fifteen patients with MDD underwent magnetic resonance imaging scanning before and after ECT. Their gray matter volumes were compared between pre- and post-ECT. RESULTS There were significant volume increases after ECT in the bilateral medial temporal cortices, inferior temporal cortices, and right anterior cingulate. Further, the increase ratio was correlated with the clinical improvement measured by the Hamilton Depression Rating scale. LIMITATION All subjects were treated with antidepressants that could have a neurotoxic or neuroprotective effect on the brain. CONCLUSIONS We found that there were significant increases of gray matter volume in medial temporal lobes following ECT, suggesting that a neurotrophic effect of ECT could play a role in its therapeutic effect.

DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2015.06.051

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@article{Ota2015EffectOE, title={Effect of electroconvulsive therapy on gray matter volume in major depressive disorder.}, author={Miho Ota and Takamasa Noda and Noriko Sato and Mitsutoshi Okazaki and Masatoshi Ishikawa and Kotaro Hattori and Hiroaki Hori and Daimei Sasayama and Toshiya Teraishi and Daichi Sone and Hiroshi Kunugi}, journal={Journal of affective disorders}, year={2015}, volume={186}, pages={186-91} }