Effect of carrier lifetime on forward-biased silicon Mach-Zehnder modulators.


We present a systematic study of Mach-Zehnder silicon optical modulators based on carrier-injection. Detailed comparisons between modeling and measurement results are made with good agreement obtained for both DC and AC characteristics. A figure of merit, static VpiL, as low as 0.24Vmm is achieved. The effect of carrier lifetime variation with doping… (More)