Effect of canthaxanthin content of the maternal diet on the antioxidant system of the developing chick

  title={Effect of canthaxanthin content of the maternal diet on the antioxidant system of the developing chick},
  author={A P Surai and Peter F Surai and Wolfgang Steinberg and Wendy Wakeman and Brian K. Speake and N. H. C. Sparks},
  journal={British Poultry Science},
  pages={612 - 619}
1. Effects of canthaxanthin supplementation of the maternal diet on the antioxidant system of the developing chick were investigated. 2. Three hundred and twenty female broiler breeder birds were housed in one of 4 controlled environment rooms with 3 replicates for all treatments, with the exception of the control treatment of which there were 4 replicates. All birds received one of 5 diets: control low xanthophyll diet, or the same diet supplemented with 3, 6, 12 or 24 mg/kg canthaxanthin in… 

Influence of canthaxanthin on broiler breeder reproduction, chick quality, and performance.

The hypothesis that canthaxanthin supplementation of the maternal diet enhances the protective capacity of tissues against oxidative stress in vivo, which might be beneficial for poultry producers is supported.

Effect of dietary canthaxanthin and iodine on the production performance and egg quality of laying hens

Dietary supplementation with 10 ppm of I was found to impart high level of resistance to the vitelline membrane against the growth of Salmonella in case of eggs stored at 30°C; therefore, I was finding to be more beneficial by ensuring longer preservation than that of CX.

Effects of canthaxanthin on the productive and reproductive performance of broiler breeders.

The supplementation of broiler breeder diets with canthaxanthin improved the hatchability rate, fertility, and reduced the presence of thiobarbituric reactive substances in eggs.

Effects of canthaxanthin supplementation in the ROSS breeder diet on oxidative stress of chicks.

It is indicated that maternal supplementation with canthaxanthin (6ppm) enhances antioxidant capability and depresses oxidative stress in chicks.

Inclusion of canthaxanthin and 25-hydroxycholecalciferol in the diet of broiler breeders on performance and incubation parameters.

The inclusion of canthaxanthin and 25-(OH)-D3 in the diet reduced embryonic mortality while increasing egg yolk pigmentation, hatching percentage, and number of viable chicks produced per bird.

The dietary supplementation of canthaxanthin in combination with 25OHD3 results in reproductive, performance, and progeny quality gains in broiler breeders.

Broilers from breeders fed canthaxanthin + 25OHD3 and supplemented with this additive presented a better feed conversion ratio and higher carcass and breast yields than those derived from nonsupplemented breeders.

Study of the effects of dietary lutein on reproductive performances in chickens

Results indicate that unlike other antioxidants, dietary supplementation of lutein (at 30 or 120 ppm) does not significantly improve reproductive performance in mature chickens, as measured here by sperm quality and fertility, nor does it improve embryo survival.

Effect of Natural Antioxidant on Oxidative Stability of Eggs and Productive and Reproductive Performance of Laying Hens

It is concluded from this study that herbs could be used as natural antioxidants during laying period to improve productive performance, fertility and hatchability and had positive effect on oxidative stability of shell eggs during storage.

Maternal Intake of Astaxanthin Improved Hatchability of Fertilized Eggs Stored at High Temperature

The results suggest that the lowered hatchability of eggs stored at high temperature was restored by maternal feeding of dietary AX, and the beneficial effect of AX may be effective at early stage of embryo development.


The supplementation of an antioxidant blend in roosters improved reproductive characteristics assessed and feed conversion and weight gain of offspring.



Canthaxanthin supplementation alters antioxidant enzymes and iron concentration in liver of Balb/c mice.

The hypothesis that canthaxanthin alters the protective ability of tissues against oxidative stress in vivo is supported, as it is shown that carotenoid feeding alters tocopherol status when fed to Balb/c mice.

Supplementation with canthaxanthin affects plasma and tissue distribution of alpha- and gamma-tocopherols in mice.

Dietary administration of canthaxanthin modifies tocopherol status in murine tissues and results in incorporation of the carotenoid in all tissues analyzed, including liver, spleen, kidney, lung and heart.

Supplementation with Canthaxanthin Affects Plasma and Tissue Distribution of α- and γ-Tocopherols in Mice

Dietary administration of canthaxanthin modifies tocopherol status in murine tissues and results in incorporation of the carotenoid in all tissues analyzed, including liver, spleen, kidney, lung and heart.

Antioxidant activity of dietary canthaxanthin.

Under these conditions, dietary CX increased resistance to lipid peroxidation primarily by enhancing membrane alpha-tocopherol levels and secondarily by providing weak direct antioxidant activity.

Dietary supplementation with carotenoids: effects on α-tocopherol levels and susceptibility of tissues to oxidative stress

It is suggested that zeaxanthin, a carotenoid present in animal and human diets, may have significant activity as an antioxidant against oxidative stress in tissues.

The relationship between the levels of α-tocopherol and carotenoids in the maternal feed, yolk and neonatal tissues: comparison between the chicken, turkey, duck and goose

The chicken displayed a much greater efficiency in incorporating a-tocopherol from the parental diet into the yolk in comparison with the turkey, duck and goose, and it is possible that the antioxidant capacity of the developing turkey, ducks and goose may be promised under conditions of commercial production.

Carotenoid discrimination by the avian embryo: a lesson from wild birds.

Selective excretion of yolk-derived tocotrienols into the bile of the chick embryo.

  • Peter F SuraiB. Speake
  • Chemistry, Biology
    Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part B, Biochemistry & molecular biology
  • 1998

Carotenoids and egg quality in the lesser black-backed gull Larus fuscus: a supplemental feeding study of maternal effects

The results suggest that carotenoids could be one resource responsible for egg quality maternal effects in birds, and the possible implications of carOTenoid–mediated effects on phenotype for fitness in mothers and their offspring are discussed.