Effect of bilingualism on cognitive control in the Simon task: evidence from MEG

@article{Bialystok2005EffectOB,
  title={Effect of bilingualism on cognitive control in the Simon task: evidence from MEG},
  author={Ellen Bialystok and Fergus I. M. Craik and Cheryl L. Grady and Wilkin Chau and Ryouhei Ishii and Atsuko Gunji and Christo Pantev},
  journal={NeuroImage},
  year={2005},
  volume={24},
  pages={40-49}
}

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Electroencephalography data lend support to a cascading neurophysiological model of executive control processes, in which ACC and PFC may play a determining role, and reveal a differential time course of the involvement of the anterior cingulate cortex and the prefrontal cortex in conflict processing.

Interference Control In Elderly Bilinguals: Appearances Can Be Misleading

Elderly bilinguals and monolinguals have equivalent interference control abilities, but relay on different neural substrates, and a modulation of frontal activity with task-dynamic control of interference suggests that elderly bilinguals deal with interference control without recruiting a circuit that is particularly vulnerable to aging.

Effect of Second Language Proficiency on Inhibitory Control in the Simon Task: An fMRI Study

  • Fanlu Jia
  • Psychology
    Frontiers in Psychology
  • 2022
How learning a second language (L2) changes our brain has been an important question in neuroscience. Previous neuroimaging studies with different ages and language pairs spoken by bilinguals have

How bilingualism shapes the functional architecture of the brain: A study on executive control in early bilinguals and monolinguals

The results suggest that bilinguals may differently develop the involvement of the executive control networks that comprise the left inferior frontal gyrus during cognitive control tasks than monolinguals.

Exploring the cognitive effects of bilingualism: neuroimaging investigations of lexical processing, executive control, and the bilingual advantage

Bilingualism has been shown to influence a variety of cognitive functions, most notably lexical processing and cognitive control. These effects are both detrimental and advantageous. On the one hand,

Bilingualism tunes the anterior cingulate cortex for conflict monitoring.

It is revealed that dorsal anterior cingulate cortex, a structure tightly bound to domain-general executive control functions, is a common locus for language control and resolving nonverbal conflict and that bilinguals use this structure more efficiently than monolinguals to monitor nonlinguistic cognitive conflicts.
...

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