Effect of bilingualism on cognitive control in the Simon task: evidence from MEG

  title={Effect of bilingualism on cognitive control in the Simon task: evidence from MEG},
  author={Ellen Bialystok and Fergus I. M. Craik and Cheryl L. Grady and Wilkin Chau and Ryouhei Ishii and Atsuko Gunji and Christo Pantev},

Neurodynamics of executive control processes in bilinguals: evidence from ERP and source reconstruction analyses

Electroencephalography data lend support to a cascading neurophysiological model of executive control processes, in which ACC and PFC may play a determining role, and reveal a differential time course of the involvement of the anterior cingulate cortex and the prefrontal cortex in conflict processing.

Interference Control In Elderly Bilinguals: Appearances Can Be Misleading

Elderly bilinguals and monolinguals have equivalent interference control abilities, but relay on different neural substrates, and a modulation of frontal activity with task-dynamic control of interference suggests that elderly bilinguals deal with interference control without recruiting a circuit that is particularly vulnerable to aging.

Effect of Second Language Proficiency on Inhibitory Control in the Simon Task: An fMRI Study

  • Fanlu Jia
  • Psychology
    Frontiers in Psychology
  • 2022
How learning a second language (L2) changes our brain has been an important question in neuroscience. Previous neuroimaging studies with different ages and language pairs spoken by bilinguals have

How bilingualism shapes the functional architecture of the brain: A study on executive control in early bilinguals and monolinguals

The results suggest that bilinguals may differently develop the involvement of the executive control networks that comprise the left inferior frontal gyrus during cognitive control tasks than monolinguals.

Exploring the cognitive effects of bilingualism: neuroimaging investigations of lexical processing, executive control, and the bilingual advantage

Bilingualism has been shown to influence a variety of cognitive functions, most notably lexical processing and cognitive control. These effects are both detrimental and advantageous. On the one hand,

Bilingualism tunes the anterior cingulate cortex for conflict monitoring.

It is revealed that dorsal anterior cingulate cortex, a structure tightly bound to domain-general executive control functions, is a common locus for language control and resolving nonverbal conflict and that bilinguals use this structure more efficiently than monolinguals to monitor nonlinguistic cognitive conflicts.

Neuroanatomical Evidence in Support of the Bilingual Advantage Theory.

Measureting gray matter volume in adult bilinguals provides neuroanatomical evidence in support of the bilingual advantage theory and draws on bimodal bilinguals of American Sign Language and English who have been shown not to possess the EC advantage.



In Search of the Language Switch: An fMRI Study of Picture Naming in Spanish–English Bilinguals

Results are consistent with the view that language switching is a part of a general executive attentional system and that languages are represented in overlapping areas of the brain in early bilinguals.

An event-related functional MRI study comparing interference effects in the Simon and Stroop tasks.

Bilingualism across the lifespan: The rise and fall of inhibitory control

Previous research has shown that bilingual children perform better than comparable monolinguals on tasks requiring control of attention to inhibit misleading information. The present paper reports a

The relationship between bilingualism and the development of cognitive processes in problem solving

Abstract This study examined the effects of differing degrees of bilingualism on the nonverbal problemsolving abilities of children in grade 3. Three linguistic groups were compared on

Cognitive and Brain Consequences of Conflict

The behavioral and fMRI results taken together seem to argue against a single unified network for processing conflict, but instead support either distinct networks for each conflict task or a single network that monitors conflict with different sites used to resolve the conflict.

Dissociating the role of the dorsolateral prefrontal and anterior cingulate cortex in cognitive control.

Event-related functional magnetic resonance imaging and a task-switching version of the Stroop task were used to examine whether these components of cognitive control have distinct neural bases in the human brain and a double dissociation was found.

Inhibition in verbal working memory revealed by brain activation.

Behavioral evidence is provided of a verbal working memory task that, by hypothesis, engaged inhibitory processing, and it is shown that the inhibitoryprocessing is associated with a lateral portion of the left prefrontal cortex.

Age-related differences in face processing: a meta-analysis of three functional neuroimaging experiments.

  • C. Grady
  • Psychology
    Canadian journal of experimental psychology = Revue canadienne de psychologie experimentale
  • 2002
Differences between young and old adults in brain activity, measured with positron emission tomography, were examined during three face processing experiments: episodic memory, working memory, and degraded face perception to suggest a possible neural mechanism for this dedifferentiation of aging.

Orthographic neighborhood effects in bilingual word recognition

A series of progressive demasking and lexical decision experiments investigated how the recognition of target words exclusively belonging to one language is affected by the existence of orthographic

Levels of bilingualism and levels of linguistic awareness.

A framework for relating degree of bilingualism to aspects of linguistic awareness is presented in which metalinguistic tasks are described in terms of their demands for analysis of knowledge or