Effect of aqueous leaf extract of Irvingia gabonensis on gastrointestinal tract in rodents.

Abstract

Effect of the aqueous leaf extract of I. gabonensis on the gastrointestinal tract was investigated on isolated rabbit jejunum, guinea pig ileum, gastrointestinal motility, castor oil-induced diarrhoea in mice and castor oil-induced fluid accumulation in rats. The results showed that the extract exhibited a concentration-dependent relaxation of spontaneous pendular movement of isolated rabbit jejunum and guinea pig ileum, and attenuated both acetylcholine-induced contraction of rabbit jejunum and histamine-induced contraction of guinea pig ileum. The extract (100, 200 and 400 mg/kg) also caused a significant dose-dependent decrease of gastrointestinal motility in mice (40.12, 39.45 and 37.45%), intestinal fluid accumulation in rats (71.43, 81.63 and 83.27%), and remarkably protected mice against castor oil-induced diarrhoea [58.33, 75 and 91.67% (Di Carlo score)] respectively. Preliminary phytochemical screening of the aqueous leaf extract of I. gabonensis revealed the presence of saponins, tannins, phenols and phlobatanins.

Cite this paper

@article{Abdulrahman2004EffectOA, title={Effect of aqueous leaf extract of Irvingia gabonensis on gastrointestinal tract in rodents.}, author={F. W. Abdulrahman and Idongesit Inyang and Joseph Abbah and Lucy Binda and Samson Amos and Karniyus Shingu Gamaniel}, journal={Indian journal of experimental biology}, year={2004}, volume={42 8}, pages={787-91} }