Effect of an Abrupt Change in Sexual and Reproductive Health Policy on Adolescent Birth Rates in Ecuador, 2008–2017

@article{GalrragaPhD2019EffectOA,
  title={Effect of an Abrupt Change in Sexual and Reproductive Health Policy on Adolescent Birth Rates in Ecuador, 2008–2017},
  author={Omar Gal{\'a}rraga, Ph.D. and Jeffrey E. Harris},
  journal={Labor: Demographics \& Economics of the Family eJournal},
  year={2019}
}
Several countries have implemented “family-centered” abstinence-only policies for teenagers, as opposed to encouraging utilization and expansion of reproductive health services and education. Little is known, however, about the effects of these more restrictive policies on adolescent birth rates at the national level or their differential effects by race and ethnicity. The extant literature is even scarcer in low- and middle-income countries. We analyze an unexpected policy change in Ecuador… 
2 Citations
Effect of an abrupt change in sexual and reproductive health policy on teen birth rates in Ecuador, 2008-2017.
TLDR
This work analyzes an unexpected policy change in Ecuador that abruptly reversed course and restricted reproductive health services for teenage women in 2014 and finds that the policy change increases birth rates by 8.5 births per 1000 women in cantons with higher indigenous concentration.
Birth Collapse and a Large-Scale Access Intervention with Subdermal Contraceptive Implants.
TLDR
It is claimed that the expanded availability of subdermal contraceptive implants accounted for one-third of the teen and young women's birth collapse in Uruguay between 2016 and 2018.

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