Effect of alveolar ridge preservation interventions following tooth extraction: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

@article{AvilaOrtiz2019EffectOA,
  title={Effect of alveolar ridge preservation interventions following tooth extraction: A systematic review and meta-analysis.},
  author={Gustavo Avila‐Ortiz and Leandro Chambrone and Fabio Vignoletti},
  journal={Journal of clinical periodontology},
  year={2019},
  volume={46 Suppl 21},
  pages={
          195-223
        }
}
AIM The aim of this systematic review was to critically analyse the available evidence on the effect of different modalities of alveolar ridge preservation (ARP) as compared to tooth extraction alone in function of relevant clinical, radiographic and patient-centred outcomes. MATERIAL AND METHODS A comprehensive search aimed at identifying pertinent literature for the purpose of this review was conducted by two independent examiners. Only randomized clinical trials (RCTs) that met the… 
Post-extraction Dimensional Changes: A Systematic Review & Meta-analysis.
TLDR
A variable amount of alveolar bone resorption occurs after unassisted socket healing depending on tooth type, as well as clinical vs radiographic measurements, location and location.
The Influence of Different Grafting Materials on Alveolar Ridge Preservation: a Systematic Review
TLDR
The utilization of a bone grafting material for alveolar ridge preservation reduces the resorption process occurring after tooth extraction, however, minimal differences in Resorption rate were observed between allogeneic, xenogeneic and alloplastic grafting materials.
Minimal invasiveness in the alveolar ridge preservation, with or without concomitant implant placement.
TLDR
It is not possible to confirm that MI approaches promote a significant benefit when applied to RP procedures, but most of the studies failed to improve clinical variables regarding morbidity, esthetics, and patient-related outcomes.
Ridge Preservation Procedures: Review of Current Literature
TLDR
Based on the selected articles and recent systematic reviews and meta-analysis, ARP procedure using bovine and porcine xenografts, as well as allografteds, in conjunction with either collagen membranes or high-density polytetrafluoroethylene membranes gives similar results and should be considered when indicated.
Efficacy of bone‐substitute materials use in immediate dental implant placement: A systematic review and meta‐analysis
TLDR
BSM use during immediate implant placement reduces horizontal buccal bone resorption and improves the periimplant soft-tissue esthetics, Although BSM use increases the risk of predominantly minor complications.
Dental Implant Outcomes in Grafted Sockets: a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
TLDR
Implants inserting into the previously grafted sockets showed high survival rates and lower marginal-bone-level loss than the implants inserted into the non-grafted sites.
A retrospective cohort study of how alveolar ridge preservation affects the need of alveolar ridge augmentation at posterior tooth implant sites
TLDR
The study results suggested that ARP is more likely to lead to the treatment modality of implant alone and reduce the need for staged GBR before implantation, and shortening the treatment duration.
Dimensional and histomorphometric evaluation of biomaterials used for alveolar ridge preservation: a systematic review and network meta-analysis
TLDR
Alveolar ridge preservation is effective in reducing both horizontal and vertical shrinkage, as compared to untreated sockets, but several other materials and combinations like AG, Bio + AG, and AG + alloplasts, produced even better results than XG in clinical comparisons.
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TLDR
The scientific evidence does not provide clear guidelines in regards to the type of biomaterial, or surgical procedure, although a significant positive effect of the flapped surgery was observed and the potential benefit of socket preservation therapies was demonstrated.
Surgical techniques for alveolar socket preservation: a systematic review.
TLDR
The meta-analysis indicates that the use of barrier membranes alone might improve normal wound healing in extraction sites, and socket preservation procedures are effective in limiting horizontal and vertical ridge alterations in postextraction sites.
The Effects of Alveolar Ridge Preservation: A Meta-Analysis.
TLDR
There is still need for ongoing research on the topic, even though the lower percentage of implant sites that needed additional augmentation in test sockets seemed to bring a patient benefit, and no recommendation for a specific technique of ARP could be made.
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TLDR
Overall the socket intervention therapies did reduce alveolar ridge dimensional changes post-extraction, but were unable to prevent resorption, which may account for some of the difference in alveolars ridge dimensions at follow up.
Hard and soft tissue changes following alveolar ridge preservation: a systematic review
TLDR
ARP results in a significant reduction in the vertical bone dimensional change following tooth extraction when compared to unassisted socket healing, and the reduction in horizontal alveolarBone dimensional change was found to be variable.
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TLDR
Flapless ridge preservation was more effective in preserving bone width, bone height, and keratinized gingiva width than flap management, and more controlled and high-quality studies are warranted.
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TLDR
Use of bone graft covered by a resorbable membrane can decrease the rate of alveolar ridge horizontal and vertical resorption after tooth extraction and the power and reliability of the evidence is strong enough to confirm the above-mentioned findings.
Effect of socket preservation therapies following tooth extraction in non-molar regions in humans: a systematic review.
OBJECTIVE To assess, based on the existing literature, the benefit of socket preservation therapies in patients with a tooth extraction in the anterior or premolar region as compared with no
Effect of Alveolar Ridge Preservation after Tooth Extraction
TLDR
Subgroup analyses revealed that flap elevation, the usage of a membrane, and the application of a xenograft or an allograft are associated with superior outcomes, particularly on midbuccal and midlingual height preservation.
Does ridge preservation following tooth extraction improve implant treatment outcomes: a systematic review: Group 4: Therapeutic concepts & methods.
TLDR
There is limited evidence to support the clinical benefit of ARP over USH in improving implant-related outcomes despite a decrease in the need for further ridge augmentation during implant placement.
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