Effect of acetylcholine on the highly stenotic coronary artery: difference between the constrictor response of the infarct-related coronary artery and that of the noninfarct-related artery.

Abstract

To examine the constrictor response of the infarct-related stenotic coronary artery in comparison with that of noninfarct-related stenotic arteries, acetylcholine in maximal doses of 100 micrograms for the left and 50 micrograms for the right coronary artery was injected into the 16 infarct-related coronary arteries of 16 patients with previous myocardial infarction (group 1) and into 19 stenotic coronary arteries of 16 patients with stable angina without myocardial infarction (group 2). Acetylcholine's effects on lumen diameter and area were quantitatively analyzed at the stenotic segment and its proximal segment without significant stenosis. Acetylcholine decreased lumen diameter and area at the stenotic segments from 0.72 +/- 0.18 to 0.18 +/- 0.33 mm and from 0.45 +/- 0.22 to 0.10 +/- 0.22 mm2, respectively, in group 1 (both p less than 0.01) and from 0.75 +/- 0.22 to 0.49 +/- 0.30 mm and 0.48 +/- 0.29 to 0.26 +/- 0.23 mm2, respectively, in group 2 (both p less than 0.01). Acetylcholine decreased the diameter and area at the proximal segment from 2.71 +/- 0.75 to 2.38 +/- 0.6 mm and from 6.18 +/- 3.4 to 4.71 +/- 2.23 mm2, respectively, in group 1 (both p less than 0.01) and from 2.31 +/- 0.67 to 1.95 +/- 0.59 mm and from 4.5 +/- 2.97 to 3.22 +/- 1.96 mm2, respectively, in group 2 (both p less than 0.01). The changes in diameter and area at the stenotic segment in group 1 were significantly greater than those in group 2 (both p less than 0.01); there were no significant differences between groups in the changes at the proximal segment.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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@article{Okumura1992EffectOA, title={Effect of acetylcholine on the highly stenotic coronary artery: difference between the constrictor response of the infarct-related coronary artery and that of the noninfarct-related artery.}, author={Kenji Okumura and H. Yasue and Kiichi Matsuyama and Hiroshi Ogawa and Yasuhiro Morikami and Koji Obata and N Sakaino}, journal={Journal of the American College of Cardiology}, year={1992}, volume={19 4}, pages={752-8} }