Effect of a recombinant human growth hormone preparation on the urinary 15nitrogen balance in growth-hormone-deficient children.

Abstract

In 10 patients with idiopathic growth hormone (GH) deficiency (9 boys and 1 girl, aged 7.5-14.5 years, mean 12.1 +/- 2.2 years), urinary 15N-balance studies were performed before and on recombinant hGH (2 x 3 IU/m2 of body surface area subcutaneously on consecutive days). Before and on the 2nd day of recombinant hGH, 99% 15N-labeled ammonium chloride (0.05 g/kg, divided in 3 doses per day, corresponding to 389 +/- 30 mg/m2 of 15N) was administered and 24 h urine was collected. In urine, total nitrogen and the percentage of 15N were measured. From the ingested and excreted quantity, a urinary 15N balance was calculated. Mean 15N percentage from total N was 3.3 +/- 0.5. In 9 patients, basal 15N balance was +79 +/- 15 mg/m2 or +2.9 +/- 0.4 mg/kg. On recombinant hGH, it was +166 +/- 16 mg/m2 or +6.1 +/- 0.6 mg/kg (p less than 0.001). The recombinant hGH-induced positive 15N balance change was +87 +/- 17 mg/m2 or +3.2 +/- 0.6 mg/kg. 1 patient with a higher basal 15N balance (+196 mg/m2, +7.1 mg/kg) had no positive 15N balance change due to latent hypothalamic hypothyroidism. In previous similar studies with pituitary hGH the change of 15N balance was +80 +/- 27 mg/m2 or +2.8 +/- 1.1 mg/kg. It is concluded that the acute nitrogen-retaining effect of recombinant hGH is at least equal to that of pituitary hGH.

Cite this paper

@article{Zachmann1988EffectOA, title={Effect of a recombinant human growth hormone preparation on the urinary 15nitrogen balance in growth-hormone-deficient children.}, author={Milo Zachmann and Bianca Kempken and Herwig Frisch and I Fiŝer}, journal={Hormone research}, year={1988}, volume={29 4}, pages={140-2} }