Effect of Wind on the Rise Height of Volcanic Plumes

  title={Effect of Wind on the Rise Height of Volcanic Plumes},
  author={Marcus Bursik},
A theoretical model of a volcanic plume, based on applying the equations of motion in a plume-centered coordinate system, suggests that the interaction between a volcanic plume and wind causes enhanced entrainment of air and horizontal momentum, plume bending, and a decrease in plume rise height at constant eruption rate. Because of rapid dilution in the high windspeeds of the polar jet, plumes that vary over more than one order of magnitude in mass eruption rate (10 to 10 − 10 kg/s), if… CONTINUE READING
Highly Cited
This paper has 42 citations. REVIEW CITATIONS