Effect of Trade Deficit on the Economy of Pakistan

Abstract

This study has conducted to find the effects of trade deficit on the economy of Pakistan in which trade deficit is the independent and gross domestic product, foreign direct investment exchange rate are the dependent variables. Depending on the availability of data we have selected the longest possible sample period to avoid the small sample bias. A sample period of 24 years has been selected for this study for the period of 1988-2011 with annual frequency. We use histogram, scatter plot matrix and the correlations ordinary least square method of regression has been used for the analysis.Histogramof exchange rate show rupees value against U.S dollar are continuously decrease. FDI is also not good, Gross domestic product (GDP) of the Pakistan is also very low trade,In histogram also represent the trade volume (TV) in which imports of Pakistan is very high while export is low. Scatter plot show the positive relationship dependent and independent variables except trade volume. So its result shows if the government working on these variables then trade deficit should automatically decrease like 2003 and 2004 in which our export are more as compare to import .correlation coefficient of trade deficit with gross domestic product, foreign direct investment, exchange rate has shown the moderate correlation except trade volume

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Abbas2013EffectOT, title={Effect of Trade Deficit on the Economy of Pakistan}, author={Mohsin Abbas}, year={2013} }