Effect of Soil Type and Moisture Availability on the Foraging Behavior of the Formosan Subterranean Termite (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae)

  title={Effect of Soil Type and Moisture Availability on the Foraging Behavior of the Formosan Subterranean Termite (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae)},
  author={Mary L. Cornelius and Weste L. A. Osbrink},
  booktitle={Journal of economic entomology},
ABSTRACT This study examined the influence of soil type and moisture availability on termite foraging behavior. Physical properties of the soil affected both tunneling behavior and shelter tube construction. Termites tunneled through sand faster than top soil and clay. In containers with top soil and clay, termites built shelter tubes on the sides of the containers. In containers with sand, termites built shelter tubes directly into the air and covered the sides of the container with a layer… 

Termite Foraging and Preference to Soil Type and Moisture Content in Laboratory Bioassays

Subterranean termites, Coptotermes acinaciformis, were tested for their preference to different soil types in a laboratory condition at different soil moisture levels. The soil types provided were

The Effect of Termite Activity on Soil Profile in a Laboratory Test Tank

Termite soil interaction is a multidimensional process, the interphase between the surface and subsurface being the most prominent location that termitaria and other termite structures usually

Effects of clay materials and moisture levels on habitat preference and survivorship of Formosan subterranean termite, Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki (Blattodea: Rhinotermitidae)

It is demonstrated that both clay type and moisture affect termites’ preference, and clay filled in the baiting containers significantly increased survivorship and body water percentage and no similar effect was detected under moderate-moisture conditions.

Ecological benefits of termite soil interaction and microbial symbiosis in the soil ecosystem in two climatic regions of Australia

Mechanisms of soil and water transport by individual and colonies oftermites, their preferences and reactions to specific factors, and their effect on selected key soil physical and chemical properties as well as microbial activities are reviewed.

Clay preference and particle transport behavior of Formosan subterranean termites (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae): A laboratory study

The biological significance of clay on C. formosanus was investigated and significantly more termites aggregated in chambers where clay blocks were provided, regardless of colony group, observation period, or nutritional condition.

Influence of seasonal changes, weather factors and soil depth on the foraging activities of subterranean termites in Eucalyptus plantations

The results showed that the highest and lowest percentages of baits attacked and consumed by termites were recorded in the months of February–April and August–October, respectively in all Eucalyptus plantations investigated.

Effect of Polyacrylamide/Attapulgite Composite on Foraging Behaviors of Formosan Subterranean Termites (Blattodea: Rhinotermitidae)

It is suggested that burying polyacrylamide/attapulgite composite within dry soil may enhance foraging activities of termites, but filling the bait stations with polyacylamides may not effectively attract termites.

Laboratory Study of the Influence of Substrate Type and Temperature on the Exploratory Tunneling by Formosan Subterranean Termite

Investigating the effect of soil type, soil moisture level and ambient temperature on the exploratory tunneling by Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki found a significantly greater proportion of termites aggregated in sand than in sandy loam and the length of excavated tunnels was increased in sand.

Foraging and chemical control of subterranean termites in a farm building at Faisalabad, Pakistan

A study was conducted to investigate the direction of foraging of the termites towards a farm building (Entomological Research Laboratories, ERL) and efficacy of soil barrier inside this farm

Ecological Impacts of Termites

Macroinvertebrates play an important role in the maintenance of soil structural stability and fertility in many natural and man-modified habitats. Termites, as dominant invertebrates in tropical



The influence of soil heterogeneity on exploratory tunnelling by the subterranean termite Coptotermes frenchi (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae)

  • T. Evans
  • Geology
    Bulletin of Entomological Research
  • 2003
Patterns of exploratory tunnelling seen in an entire colony of the Australian, subterranean foraging, tree-nesting termite, Coptotermes frenchi Hill are similar to those seen in large field studies, but caution is urged when interpreting small scale laboratory experiments to explain large scale field data.

Impacts of Soil Moisture Level on Consumption and Movement of Three Sympatric Subterranean Termites (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) in a Laboratory Assay

Results from consumption and location data show unique patterns among species, and illustrate species-specific variation in feeding location and nesting preference in response to moisture, which contribute to the overall understanding of midwestern Reticulitermes termites.

Wood Moisture Content Affects the Survival of Eastern Subterranean Termites (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae), Under Saturated Relative Humidity Conditions

Wood with MC ≤24% was not adequate to sustain a subterranean termite infestation with no soil contact, probably because water obtained from the wood by termite feeding does not compensate for water loss, regardless of relative humidity in the air-space.

Influence of soil compaction on tunnel network construction by the eastern subterranean termite (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae).

Termites built the tunnel network significantly fastest in soil of low compaction compared with moderately or highly compacted soil, and essentially constructed the entire tunnel network within the first day, only modifying it by backfilling or maintaining tunnels.

Sand Displacement During Tunnel Excavation by the Formosan Subterranean Termite (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae)

A modified soil-compaction hypothesis that Formosan subterranean termite removed and compacted soil to increase space during tunnel excavation is rejected and the wood-consumption hypothesis that termites gain the tunnel space as a result of consuming wood is offered.

Forces affecting water imbibition inMacrotermes workers (Termitidae, Isoptera)

The ability of the termites to gain water from soils with relatively low water content is an important adaptive feature for survival in semi-arid areas.

Colony size estimates, foraging trends, and physiological characteristics of the Western subterranean termite (Isoptera : Rhinotermitidae)

Termites at the urban site had greater initial and dry body weights, but less body fat than their counterparts from undisturbed habitats, and no difference in the cuticular permeabilities of termites occurred between locations.

Seasonal and daily activity patterns of subterranean, wood-eating termite foragers

The number of foraging Coptotermes lacteus in artificial feeding stations was examined over 24-h periods during summer and winter in temperate Australia, indicating that daily and seasonal weather patterns do influence subterranean wood-feeding termites.