Effect of L-thyroxine supplementation on very low birth weight infants with transient hypothyroxinemia of prematurity at 3 years of age.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of levothyroxine (L-T4) supplementation on growth and neurodevelopmental outcomes at 3 years of age in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with transient hypothyroxinemia of prematurity (THOP). STUDY DESIGN VLBW infants with plasma thyroid-stimulating hormone concentrations <10 mIU l-1 and free thyroxine concentrations <0.8 ng dl-1 were defined as having THOP and randomly assigned to the Treated (20 infants) or Untreated (31 infants) group. The Treated group received L-T4 at a dose of 5 μg kg-1 day-1. Growth and neurodevelopmental outcomes at 3 years of age were compared between the two groups. RESULTS There were no significant differences in body length, body weight or head circumference mean s.d. scores or in neurodevelopmental outcomes between the two groups. CONCLUSION L-T4 supplementation in VLBW infants with THOP demonstrated no beneficial effect at 3 years of age.

DOI: 10.1038/jp.2016.266

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Cite this paper

@article{Uchiyama2017EffectOL, title={Effect of L-thyroxine supplementation on very low birth weight infants with transient hypothyroxinemia of prematurity at 3 years of age.}, author={Atsushi Uchiyama and Reiko Kushima and Takuya Watanabe and Satoshi Kusuda}, journal={Journal of perinatology : official journal of the California Perinatal Association}, year={2017}, volume={37 5}, pages={602-605} }