Effect of Indium Tin Oxide as Transparent Conductive Layer on Shallow Surface Relief VCSEL

@article{Xiushan2015EffectOI,
  title={Effect of Indium Tin Oxide as Transparent Conductive Layer on Shallow Surface Relief VCSEL},
  author={李秀山 Li Xiu-shan and 宁永强 Ning Yong-qiang and 张. Z. Xing and 贾. J. Peng and 秦. Q. Li and 刘. L. Yun and 王立军 Wang Li-jun},
  journal={Chinese Journal of Luminescence},
  year={2015},
  volume={36},
  pages={930-934}
}
The mode stability of shallow surface relief vertical cavity surface emitting laser( VCSEL)is constrained by the nonuniform current density distribution in the active region. In order to solve this problem,a new type of structure was put forward,in which indium tin oxide( ITO) transparent conductive layer was employed in shallow surface relief VCSEL. This structure not only can increase the threshold gain of the higher-order modes but also can improve the gain of fundamental model and… Expand