Effect of Fuel Economy on Automobile Safety: A Reexamination

  title={Effect of Fuel Economy on Automobile Safety: A Reexamination},
  author={Sanjana Ahmad and David Greene},
  journal={Transportation Research Record},
Since 1975, the fuel economy of passenger cars and light trucks has been regulated by the corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) standards, established during the energy crises of the 1970s. Calls to increase fuel economy are usually met by a fierce debate on the effectiveness of the CAFE standards and their impact on highway safety. A seminal study of the link between CAFE and traffic fatalities was published by R. W. Crandall and J. D. Graham in 1989. They linked higher fuel economy levels to… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

The Effect of Fuel Economy Standards on Vehicle Weight Dispersion and Accident Fatalities
The firm response to regulation is seldom as controversial as in the context of fuel economy standards, a dominant policy to reduce emissions from vehicles worldwide. It has long been argued that
Safety and Fuel Economy of Passenger Cars
In the United States, while there exists a result of analysis that shows tighter fuel efficiency requirements leading to lighter vehicle bodies would increase the number of fatal accidents, other
The effects of transportation energy policy on fuel consumption and transportation safety
The results showed that the share of light trucks will keep increasing in the future in all policy alternatives and that fuel consumption will decrease compared to the baseline in every scenario except for the VMT tax policy, which shows that the fatality rates per vehicle miles traveled will decrease, but the CAFE policy will result in more fatalities and higherfatality rates compared toThe baseline scenario.
Cost-effectiveness of Vehicle Safety Regulation
Vehicle safety has been improved by safety regulations, which made automobile makers to introduce safer body or improve auto-parts such as safety belts and air bags. In order to respond to the
Examining Fuel Economy and Carbon Standards for Light Vehicles


Fuel Efficiency and Automobile Safety: Single-Vehicle Highway Fatalities for Passenger Cars
This paper reports the results of an effort to shed some light on the relationship that might exist between enhanced standards and single-vehicle passenger car highway fatalities. Quantification of
Motor Vehicle Fuel Efficiency and Traffic Fatalities
This paper analyzes the impact of changes in average fuel efficiency on traffic-related fatalities while controlling for other confounding effects. These other effects include population, per capita
Aggressivity of a vehicle is defined as the fatality or injury risk for occupants of other vehicles with which it collides. Because of the strong effect vehicle weight has on this risk, gross
The Effect of Fuel Economy Standards on Automobile Safety
Standsards leading to reduction in vehicle size and weight are leading to more accidents and injuries, according to government figures.
Despite extensive media coverage to the contrary, mismatches among cars, utility vehicles, and pickups in crashes is not a big problem from a societal perspective. On the other hand, if you are
Statistical abstract of the United States
1 Includes drainage basin of Red River of the North, not a part of any accession, but in the past sometimes considered a part of the Louisiana Purchase. i Includes Baker, Canton, Enderbury, Rowland,
Legal drinking at 18 or 21 -- does it make any difference?
In 1972, alcohol-related motor vehicle crashes involving drivers 18-20 years old increased much more than alcohol-involved crashes of drivers in other age groups, perhaps because young legal drinker companions provided them with alcohol.
I: Commerce
  • S. Dufour
  • Canadian Yearbook of international Law/Annuaire canadien de droit international
  • 2001
L processus d’intégration des économies à l’échelle planétaire s’est poursuivi en 1999 alors que le Canada enregistrait une croissance économique pour une huitième année consécutive.1 Cette
of Highway Information Management
  • 1995–2002 Highway Statistics. http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policy/ohim/hs02/index. htm. Accessed February 16,
  • 2004