Effect of Exercise on Cognitive Performance in Community‐Dwelling Older Adults: Review of Intervention Trials and Recommendations for Public Health Practice and Research

@article{Snowden2011EffectOE,
  title={Effect of Exercise on Cognitive Performance in Community‐Dwelling Older Adults: Review of Intervention Trials and Recommendations for Public Health Practice and Research},
  author={Mark B. Snowden and Lesley E Steinman and Kara N. Mochan and Francine Grodstein and Thomas R. Prohaska and David J Thurman and David R. Brown and James N. Laditka and Jesus Soares and Damita J. Zweiback and Deborah Little and Lynda A. Anderson},
  journal={Journal of the American Geriatrics Society},
  year={2011},
  volume={59}
}
There is evidence from observational studies that increasing physical activity may reduce the risk of cognitive decline in older adults. Exercise intervention trials have found conflicting results. A systematic review of physical activity and exercise intervention trials on cognition in older adults was conducted. Six scientific databases and reference lists of previous reviews were searched. Thirty studies were eligible for inclusion. Articles were grouped into intervention–outcome pairings… Expand

Paper Mentions

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ConditionsMild Cognitive Impairment
InterventionBehavioral
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ConditionsAmnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment
InterventionBehavioral
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TLDR
Beneficial effects of various exercise programs on aspects of cognition have been observed in studies among subjects with and without cognitive decline, however, the majority of the studies did not find any effect. Expand
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Exercise training increases fitness, physical function, cognitive function, and positive behavior in people with dementia and related cognitive impairments. Expand
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TLDR
There is evidence that aerobic physical activities which improve cardiorespiratory fitness are beneficial for cognitive function in healthy older adults, with effects observed for motor function, cognitive speed, auditory and visual attention. Expand
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TLDR
Within the exercise group, improvements in memory span were associated with concomitant improvements in both reaction time and muscle strength, which suggests that the program may have normalised mood states in subjects who had high initial depression, anxiety and stress levels, rather than inducing improvements in all subjects. Expand
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TLDR
There were no relative improvements of cognitive function among healthy seniors in the yoga or exercise group compared to the wait-list control group and no effects from either of the active interventions on any of the cognitive and alertness outcome measures. Expand
Improving aerobic capacity in healthy older adults does not necessarily lead to improved cognitive performance.
TLDR
Results suggest that exercise-related changes in older adults' cognitive performance are due either to extended periods of training or to cohort differences between physically active and sedentary individuals. Expand
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
It is shown that the RPE scale may be used for exercise regulation and that older women would seem to be able to use the scale to monitor and regulate their exercise intensity in an outdoor environment in much the same way as younger individuals. Expand
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