Effect of Child Marriage on Use of Maternal Health Care Services in Pakistan

  title={Effect of Child Marriage on Use of Maternal Health Care Services in Pakistan},
  author={Muazzam Nasrullah and Rubeena Zakar and Alexander Kr{\"a}mer},
  journal={Obstetrics \& Gynecology},
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between child marriage (before 18 years of age) and maternal health care services use in Pakistan. METHODS: We limited the data from Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey, 2006–2007, to ever-married females aged 15–24 years with at least one childbirth (n=1,404) to identify differences in prenatal care provision (skilled or unskilled medical care provider), antenatal care (antenatal visits; care at home or a hospital), care at delivery (assistance by… 

The effect of child marriage on the utilization of maternal health care in Nepal: A cross-sectional analysis of Demographic and Health Survey 2016

The findings of this study reinforced the existing evidence for the adverse effect of child marriage on maternal health-seeking behaviors and addressing women’s social vulnerability as a barrier to accessing health care may help to increase the uptake of maternal health services.

Child marriage and its association with Maternal Health Care Services utilisation among women aged 20–29: a multi-country study in the South Asia region

  • S. KamalEfehan Ulas
  • Medicine
    Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology : the journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
  • 2022
The study findings provide important insights of the consequence of child marriage on the skilled MHCS utilisation and suggest the marriage acts of the countries should be enacted properly to restrict child marriage not only for increasing MHCS, also for individual wellbeing and overall development of each country.

The association of child marriage with morbidity, mortality, and low birth weight among children under 5 years in Afghanistan: Findings from a nationally representative survey

Given the inadequate ANC in child brides in Afghanistan is mainly due to a lack of autonomy and inability in decision-making to negotiate their reproductive, strong global advocacy is required to empower the young Afghan women by reducing the existent social and gender-based inequalities and reduce the consequent adverse health outcomes.

Factors influencing the use of reproductive health care services among married adolescent girls in Dang District, Nepal: a qualitative study

Women who marry and become pregnant during adolescence face a number of barriers that limit their access to health care services and they need more attention from the health services and policy makers.

Understanding the impacts of child marriage on the health and well-being of adolescent girls and young women residing in urban areas in Egypt

The analysis revealed that child marriage is associated with multiple adverse consequences in urban areas in Egypt, and many of the reproductive health consequences identified were due to the longer duration of these marriages, and thus disappeared when marriage duration was taken into account.

Child marriage and its associations with controlling behaviors and spousal violence against adolescent and young women in Pakistan.

  • M. NasrullahR. ZakarM. Zakar
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
  • 2014



The effect of maternal child marriage on morbidity and mortality of children under 5 in India: cross sectional study of a nationally representative sample

The risk of malnutrition is higher in young children born to mothers married as minors than in those born to women married at a majority age, and the effect of maternal child marriage on health of boys versus girls is noted.

Girl Child Marriage and Its Effect on Fertility in Pakistan: Findings from Pakistan Demographic and Health Survey, 2006–2007

Girl child marriage affects half of all ever-married women aged 20–24 years in Pakistan, and increases their risk for high fertility and poor fertility health indicators, highlighting the need of increasing the age of marriage among women in Pakistan.

Male gender preference, female gender disadvantage as risk factors for psychological morbidity in Pakistani women of childbearing age - a life course perspective

The high prevalence of psychological morbidity among women in Pakistan is concerning given recently reported strong associations with low birth weight and infant stunting.

Maternal health and survival in Pakistan: issues and options.

  • Yasir KhanS. BhuttaS. MunimZ. Bhutta
  • Political Science, Medicine
    Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology Canada : JOGC = Journal d'obstetrique et gynecologie du Canada : JOGC
  • 2009

When the mother is a child: the impact of child marriage on the health and human rights of girls

  • A. Raj
  • Sociology
    Archives of Disease in Childhood
  • 2010
It is the poorest and least educated girls who are most vulnerable to early marriage, and the primary contextual factor heightening risk for girl child marriage is gender inequity, often characterised by lower access to education and employment opportunities for females relative to males.

Gender inequalities and poor health outcomes in Pakistan: a need of priority for the national health research agenda.

  • M. NasrullahJ. Bhatti
  • Economics, Political Science
    Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons--Pakistan : JCPSP
  • 2012
Despite efforts there is a wide gap between males and females in terms of employment opportunities, paid work, access to health services and health outcomes in Pakistan, and culturally women are at a disadvantage from birth and are subject to discrimination during their entire lifecourse.

The Relationship Between Repeated Unintended Pregnancies and Current Contraceptive Use: National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG) 2006–2008 data

A statistically significant association was found between the nonuse of contraceptives and repeated unintended pregnancies, as well as among those who used an effective contraceptive method and repeated unintentional pregnancies.

Countdown to 2015: a case study of maternal and child health service delivery challenges in five districts of Punjab.

  • A. MirS. Gull
  • Medicine, Political Science
    JPMA. The Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
  • 2012
If the province has to achieve the related Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), related to maternal and child health, the existing facilities are not adequate, and proven and innovative approaches will have to be put in place that may influence the continuum of care from the household to the health facility.

New insights on preventing child marriage: a global analysis of factors and programs.

Current literature on child marriage has primarily examined the prevalence consequences and reported reasons for early marriage. Much less has been analyzed about the risk and protective factors that