Effect of Ca2+ Channel Blockers, External Ca2+ and Phospholipase A2 Inhibitors on t-butylhydroperoxide-induced Lipid Peroxidation and Toxicity in Rat Liver Slices

Abstract

OBJECTIVES This study was undertaken to examine the effect of oxidant on lipid peroxidation and lethal cell injury in rat liver slices. METHODS t-Butylhydroperoxide (t-BHP) was employed as a model of an oxidant. The lipid peroxidation and lethal cell injury were estimated by measuring the formation of malondialdehyde (MDA) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release, respectively. RESULTS t-BHP increased lipid peroxidation and LDH release in a dose-dependent manner over concentrations of 0.5-10 mM. t-BHP-induced lipid peroxidation was completely prevented by an antioxidant, N,N-diphenyl-p-phenylenediamine (DPPD), but LDH release was partially decreased. Both t-BHP-induced lipid peroxidation and LDH release were significantly protected by iron chelator, deferoxamine, sulfhydryl reducing agent, dithiothreitol and glutathione. Ca2+ channel blockers, verapamil, diltiazem and nifedipine exerted a significant protective effect against t-BHP-induced lipid peroxidation and LDH release. By contrast, addition of external Ca2+ chelator, ethylene glycol bis(b-aminoethyl ether)-N,N-tetraacetic acid (EGTA) did not alter t-BHP-induced lipid peroxidation, whereas t-BHP-induced lethal cell injury was significantly prevented. Phospholipase A2 (PLA2) inhibitors, mepacrine and butacaine produced a partial protective effect. CONCLUSIONS These results suggest that t-BHP induces cell injury by lipid peroxidation-dependent and -independent mechanisms which can be partially prevented by Ca2+ channel blockers and PLA2 inhibitors.

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@inproceedings{Heo1997EffectOC, title={Effect of Ca2+ Channel Blockers, External Ca2+ and Phospholipase A2 Inhibitors on t-butylhydroperoxide-induced Lipid Peroxidation and Toxicity in Rat Liver Slices}, author={Jeong Heo and Gwang-Ha Kim and Kyoung-Seog Lee and Won-Uk Go and Hyung-jun Ju and Seung-Keun Park and Chul-Soo Song and Geun-Am Song and Mong Cho and Ung-Suk Yang and Han-Kyu Moon and Yong-Keun Kim}, booktitle={The Korean journal of internal medicine}, year={1997} }