Effect of Amblyopia on Self-Esteem in Children

  title={Effect of Amblyopia on Self-Esteem in Children},
  author={Ann L Webber and Joanne M. Wood and Glen A. Gole and Brian Brown},
  journal={Optometry and Vision Science},
Purpose. In an investigation of the psychosocial impact of amblyopia on children, the perceived self-esteem of children who had been treated for amblyopia was compared with that of age-matched controls. The influence of amblyopia condition or treatment factors that may impact self-perception scores was also explored. Methods. Children with a history of treatment for amblyopia (n = 47; age 9.2 ± 1.3 years) and age-matched controls (n = 52; age 9.4 ± 0.5 years) completed a standardized age… 
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There is no evidence to indicate that occlusion therapy has negative psychosocial impact on carers and children alike.
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Baseline self-esteem is associated with visual symptoms, age, gender, and ethnicity, but not with magnitude of refractive error, as indicated by the high internal consistency reliabilities obtained for the various domains.
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Fine motor skills were reduced in children with amblyopia, particularly those with strabismus, compared with control subjects, and the deficits in motor performance were greatest on manual dexterity tasks requiring speed and accuracy.
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