Effect of Amblyopia on Self-Esteem in Children

  title={Effect of Amblyopia on Self-Esteem in Children},
  author={Ann L Webber and Joanne M. Wood and Glen A. Gole and Brian Brown},
  journal={Optometry and Vision Science},
Purpose. In an investigation of the psychosocial impact of amblyopia on children, the perceived self-esteem of children who had been treated for amblyopia was compared with that of age-matched controls. The influence of amblyopia condition or treatment factors that may impact self-perception scores was also explored. Methods. Children with a history of treatment for amblyopia (n = 47; age 9.2 ± 1.3 years) and age-matched controls (n = 52; age 9.4 ± 0.5 years) completed a standardized age… 
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There is no evidence to indicate that occlusion therapy has negative psychosocial impact on carers and children alike.
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Although the Amblyopia Treatment Index questionnaire results indicated that both atropine and patching treatments were well tolerated by the child and family, atropin received more favorable scores overall and on all 3 questionnaire subscales.
Social and emotional impact of strabismus surgery on quality of life in children.
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Baseline self-esteem is associated with visual symptoms, age, gender, and ethnicity, but not with magnitude of refractive error, as indicated by the high internal consistency reliabilities obtained for the various domains.
The effect of amblyopia on fine motor skills in children.
Fine motor skills were reduced in children with amblyopia, particularly those with strabismus, compared with control subjects, and the deficits in motor performance were greatest on manual dexterity tasks requiring speed and accuracy.
The negative psychosocial impact of strabismus in adults.
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It is not yet known whether visual acuity improvement will be sustained once treatment is discontinued; therefore, conclusions regarding the long-term benefit of treatment and the development of treatment recommendations for amblyopia in children 7 years and older await the results of a follow-up study.
Prevalence and causes of amblyopia in an adult population.