Effect of Amblyopia on Self-Esteem in Children

@article{Webber2008EffectOA,
  title={Effect of Amblyopia on Self-Esteem in Children},
  author={Ann L Webber and Joanne M. Wood and Glen A. Gole and Brian Brown},
  journal={Optometry and Vision Science},
  year={2008},
  volume={85},
  pages={1074-1081}
}
Purpose. In an investigation of the psychosocial impact of amblyopia on children, the perceived self-esteem of children who had been treated for amblyopia was compared with that of age-matched controls. The influence of amblyopia condition or treatment factors that may impact self-perception scores was also explored. Methods. Children with a history of treatment for amblyopia (n = 47; age 9.2 ± 1.3 years) and age-matched controls (n = 52; age 9.4 ± 0.5 years) completed a standardized age… 
The Effect of Amblyopia on Motor and Psychosocial Skills in Children
TLDR
The underlying aetiology of amblyopia and level of stereoacuity significantly affected fine motor skill performance on both items and when examined in a multiple regression model, poorer fine motor skills performance was only associated with strabismus.
Amblyopia and quality of life: a systematic review
TLDR
The reported findings of the HRQoL implications are of importance when considering the management of cases of amblyopia, and the issues identified in the literature review are discussed with respect to how HRZoL is measured (treatment compliance vs proxy measures), and whether HRQos is taken from a child's or a parent's perspective.
SCHOOL INTEGRATION FOR PATIENTS WITH AMBLYOPIA.
TLDR
A child with severe amblyopia has good or very good scholar results if the involvement of family and society is increased, and there is no correlation between the position in the desk and the level of preparation.
Amblyopia treatment and quality of life: the child’s perspective on atropine versus patching
TLDR
Patching and atropine should continue to be offered as first-line treatments for amblyopia, as children appear to tolerate both well and do not favor one over the other.
Longitudinal Impact on Quality of Life for School-aged Children with Amblyopia Treatment: Perspective from Children
TLDR
From the children’s perspective, the impacts on visual function and psychosocial aspect were significant in the first two months of treatment, and could be adapted during therapy for school-aged children.
Development and evaluation of a patching treatment questionnaire for Chinese amblyopic children
TLDR
Validation in a patch‐treated pediatric amblyopic population indicated that the Chinese version of the patching treatment questionnaire may be useful for Chinese children.
Impact of Amblyopia Treatment on Vision-Related Quality of Life
TLDR
Children with a history of occlusion were 35% to 37% more likely than children without visual defects to have suffered from verbal or physical bullying at school and report greater distress and more conflict at home.
Investigation of Stress and Distress Experienced by Guardians of Children with Strabismus and/or Amblyopia
TLDR
Creating an environment that allows affected children to actively engage in their own treatment, while providing guardians with relevant information on the course of treatment and their children’s future, may help reduce stress in guardians of affected children.
Self-perception in Children Aged 3 to 7 Years With Amblyopia and Its Association With Deficits in Vision and Fine Motor Skills
TLDR
It is suggested that lower self-perception of peer acceptance and physical competence identify the broad effects of altered visual development in the everyday life of children with amblyopia.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 50 REFERENCES
The emotional impact of amblyopia treatment in preschool children: randomized controlled trial.
Childhood amblyopia treatment: psychosocial implications for patients and primary carers
TLDR
There is no evidence to indicate that occlusion therapy has negative psychosocial impact on carers and children alike.
Impact of patching and atropine treatment on the child and family in the amblyopia treatment study.
TLDR
Although the Amblyopia Treatment Index questionnaire results indicated that both atropine and patching treatments were well tolerated by the child and family, atropin received more favorable scores overall and on all 3 questionnaire subscales.
Social and emotional impact of strabismus surgery on quality of life in children.
The Relationship between Self-Esteem of Myopic Children and Ocular and Demographic Characteristics
TLDR
Baseline self-esteem is associated with visual symptoms, age, gender, and ethnicity, but not with magnitude of refractive error, as indicated by the high internal consistency reliabilities obtained for the various domains.
The effect of amblyopia on fine motor skills in children.
TLDR
Fine motor skills were reduced in children with amblyopia, particularly those with strabismus, compared with control subjects, and the deficits in motor performance were greatest on manual dexterity tasks requiring speed and accuracy.
The negative psychosocial impact of strabismus in adults.
Evaluating the Self-esteem of Myopic Children Over a Three-Year Period: The COMET Experience
TLDR
Lens assignment and myopia progression were not associated with self-esteem in the COMET cohort, suggesting that having myopia does not negatively impactSelf-esteem changed significantly over 3 years in the domains of scholastic competence, social acceptance, and physical appearance.
Prevalence and causes of amblyopia in an adult population.
Treatment dose-response in amblyopia therapy: the Monitored Occlusion Treatment of Amblyopia Study (MOTAS).
TLDR
Investigation of the dose-response relationship of occlusion therapy for amblyopia found patching is most effective within the first few weeks of treatment, even for those in receipt of a relatively small dose.
...
...