Efeitos cardiorrespiratórios e analgésicos da cetamina por via epidural, por infusão intravenosa contínua ou pela associação de ambas, em cães submetidos à osteossíntese de fêmur

@article{Carregaro2010EfeitosCE,
  title={Efeitos cardiorrespirat{\'o}rios e analg{\'e}sicos da cetamina por via epidural, por infus{\~a}o intravenosa cont{\'i}nua ou pela associaç{\~a}o de ambas, em c{\~a}es submetidos {\`a} osteoss{\'i}ntese de f{\^e}mur},
  author={Adriano Bonfim Carregaro and Gabrielle Coelho Freitas and Jenifer de Santana Marques and Thomas Alexander Trein and Virg{\'i}nia Heinze Pohl and Fabiano Zanini Salbego and Alceu Gaspar Raiser},
  journal={Ciencia Rural},
  year={2010},
  volume={40},
  pages={1583-1589}
}
Ketamine has demonstrated analgesic effects in subanesthetic doses, besides the maintenance of stability of physiological parameters. The study aimed to evaluate the cardiorespiratory effects and the post operative analgesia of ketamine via epidural route, intravenous continuous infusion or association of both, in dogs submitted to femoral osteosynthesis. Twenty-five healthy bitches were randomly assigned to four groups: CEP (2mg kg-1 of ketamine associated with lidocaine 2% via epidural route… 
Evaluation of transanesthetic complications comparing epidural versus analgesic continuous infusion in dogs submitted to neurosurgeries
TLDR
The use of continuous infusions of FLK, fentanyl, and epidural analgesia with morphine, in the used doses, were effective and safe in the dogs submitted to neurosurgeries, however, it was noticed that the use of morphine caused a greater reduction in temperature during the intraoperative period.
Effects of epidural anesthesia with tramadol, ropivacaine or tramadol-ropivacaine combination, in bitches undergoing ovariohysterectomy under anesthesia with isoflurane
TLDR
The combination of ropivacaine and tramadol ensured a greater reduction in the inhaled anesthetic dose and better analgesia during in the postoperative period, according to the cardiorespiratory stability and trans-operative analgesia provided by them.

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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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