Edward Hitchcock’s Pre-Darwinian (1840) “Tree of Life”

@article{Archibald2009EdwardHP,
  title={Edward Hitchcock’s Pre-Darwinian (1840) “Tree of Life”},
  author={J. D. Archibald},
  journal={Journal of the History of Biology},
  year={2009},
  volume={42},
  pages={561-592}
}
  • J. D. Archibald
  • Published 2009
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Journal of the History of Biology
  • The “tree of life” iconography, representing the history of life, dates from at least the latter half of the 18th century, but evolution as the mechanism providing this bifurcating history of life did not appear until the early 19th century. There was also a shift from the straight line, scala naturae view of change in nature to a more bifurcating or tree-like view. Throughout the 19th century authors presented tree-like diagrams, some regarding the Deity as the mechanism of change while others… CONTINUE READING
    29 Citations

    Figures and Topics from this paper

    Evolutionary trees and the rise of modern primatology: the forgotten contribution of St. George Mivart.
    • 3
    • Highly Influenced
    Organic Evolution in Deep Time: Charles Darwin and the Fossil Record
    • 2
    Darwin and the Tree of Life: the roots of the evolutionary tree
    • 11
    • PDF
    Trees and networks before and after Darwin
    • M. Ragan
    • Biology, Medicine
    • Biology Direct
    • 2009
    • 73
    Depicting the Tree of Life: the Philosophical and Historical Roots of Evolutionary Tree Diagrams
    • N. Gontier
    • Sociology
    • Evolution: Education and Outreach
    • 2011
    • 28
    • PDF
    Prokaryotic evolution and the tree of life are two different things
    • 201
    • PDF
    The tree as evolutionary icon: TREE in the Natural History Museum, London.
    • 11
    • PDF

    References

    SHOWING 1-10 OF 86 REFERENCES
    Trees of History in Systematics and Philology
    • 21
    H. G. Bronn and the History of Nature
    • 10
    Henri de Blainville and the animal series: A nineteenth-century chain of being
    • 21
    Georges Cuvier, fossil bones, and geological catastrophes
    • 35
    The roots of phylogeny: how did Haeckel build his trees?
    • 50
    • PDF
    The Scala naturae revisited: evolutionary scales and anagenesis in comparative psychology.
    • 19
    Species Concepts and Species Recognition in Eocene Primates
    • 19
    Elementary Geology
    • 4
    • Highly Influential
    • PDF