Edward Drinker Cope and the Changing Structure of Evolutionary Theory

@article{Bowler1977EdwardDC,
  title={Edward Drinker Cope and the Changing Structure of Evolutionary Theory},
  author={Peter J. Bowler},
  journal={Isis},
  year={1977},
  volume={68},
  pages={249 - 265}
}
pattern, but was produced by adaptive radiation when groups of individuals changed to meet a range of different conditions. Naturally, Cope tried to argue that the characteristics of the process of specialization observed in the fossil record could be explained more readily by his own theory than by natural selection. In particular he pointed to cases where an adaptive trend seems to have acted very consistently to produce continued modification in the same direction over a great period of time… Expand
The evolutionary improbability of 'generalism' in nature, with special reference to insects
TLDR
It is argued that even apparent generalists are filling distinct ecological niches and that generalism warrants additional investigation to establish its scope and credentials. Expand
Edward Drinker Cope's Law of Acceleration of Growth
The Law of Acceleration of Growth is a theory proposed by Edward Drinker Cope [3] in the US during the nineteenth century. Cope developed it in an attempt to explain the evolution [4] of genera byExpand
Edward Drinker Cope's Law of Acceleration of Growth
The Law of Acceleration of Growth is a theory proposed by Edward Drinker Cope [3] in the US during the nineteenth century. Cope developed it in an attempt to explain the evolution [4] of genera byExpand
The search for a macroevolutionary theory in German paleontology
TLDR
Six schools of thought can be detected in the development of evolutionary theory in German paleontology between 1859 and World War II, whereby Orthogenesis and the new concepts of saltation and cyclicism were amalgamated into one theory: typostrophism. Expand
American Palaeontology and the reception of Darwinism.
  • P. Bowler
  • Philosophy, Medicine
  • Studies in history and philosophy of biological and biomedical sciences
  • 2017
TLDR
In the United States as in Europe the fossil record was an important source of evidence in the debate sparked by Darwin’s Origin of Species, the most significant being O. C. Marsh's discoveries of toothed birds and a sequence illustrating the development of the horse family. Expand
Edward Drinker Cope (1840-1897)
Edward Drinker Cope [5] studied fossils, evolution [6], and reptiles in the late nineteenth century United States. Based on his observations of skeletons, Cope proposed a novel mechanism to explainExpand
Edward Drinker Cope (1840-1897)
Edward Drinker Cope [5] studied fossils, evolution [6], and reptiles in the late nineteenth century United States. Based on his observations of skeletons, Cope proposed a novel mechanism to explainExpand
Biology and Social Thought
  • P. Bowler
  • Philosophy, Medicine
  • Canadian review of American studies
  • 1980
TLDR
Three books relating to the history of biology each has something to offer students of American culture and social thought, but two of them—those by Gould and Allen—have titles that might well discourage the non-specialist who has not been warned of their potential significance. Expand
Ecological Specialization in Fossil Mammals Explains Cope’s Rule
TLDR
An explicit and phylogenetically informed analysis of body size evolution in Cenozoic mammals shows that body size increases significantly in most inclusive clades, and significant pulses in origination of large-sized species are concentrated in periods of global cooling. Expand
Between Social and Biological Heredity: Cope and Baldwin on Evolution, Inheritance, and Mind
TLDR
It is argued that Cope’s criticism was partly due to the fact that Baldwin’'s theory of social heredity threatened Cope's biologistic stance, as well as his attempt to preserve design in nature. Expand
...
1
2
3
...