Educators, Solicitors, Flamers, Motivators, Sympathizers: Characterizing Roles in Online Extremist Movements

@article{Phadke2021EducatorsSF,
  title={Educators, Solicitors, Flamers, Motivators, Sympathizers: Characterizing Roles in Online Extremist Movements},
  author={Shruti Phadke and Tanushree Mitra},
  journal={Proceedings of the ACM on Human-Computer Interaction},
  year={2021},
  volume={5},
  pages={1 - 35}
}
Social media provides the means by which extremist social movements, such as white supremacy and anti-LGBTQ, thrive online. Yet, we know little about the roles played by the participants of such movements. In this paper, we investigate these participants to characterize their roles, their role dynamics, and their influence in spreading online extremism. Our participants-online extremist accounts-are 4,876 public Facebook pages or groups that have shared information from the websites of 289… 
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