Educational differences in smoking: international comparison.

@article{Cavelaars2000EducationalDI,
  title={Educational differences in smoking: international comparison.},
  author={Adri{\"e}nne Ejm Cavelaars and Anton Eduard Kunst and Jos{\'e} W Geurts and Roberta Crialesi and L Gr{\"o}tvedt and Uwe Helmert and Eero Lahelma and Olle Lundberg and Jil Matheson and Andreas Mielck and Niels Kr. Rasmussen and Enrique Regidor and M do Ros{\'a}rio-Giraldes and Thomas Spuhler and Johan Pieter Mackenbach},
  journal={BMJ},
  year={2000},
  volume={320 7242},
  pages={
          1102-7
        }
}
OBJECTIVE To investigate international variations in smoking associated with educational level. DESIGN International comparison of national health, or similar, surveys. SUBJECTS Men and women aged 20 to 44 years and 45 to 74 years. SETTING 12 European countries, around 1990. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Relative differences (odds ratios) and absolute differences in the prevalence of ever smoking and current smoking for men and women in each age group by educational level. RESULTS In the 45… CONTINUE READING

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Socioeco - nomic inequalities in morbidity and mortality in Western Europe : a comparative study

  • JP Mackenbach, AE Kunst, Cavelaars AEJM, F Groenhof, Geurts JJM
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