• Corpus ID: 18902734

Education and inequality: The South African case

  title={Education and inequality: The South African case},
  author={Nicola Branson and Julia Garlick and David Lam and Murray Leibbrandt},
Following the international literature, income inequality decompositions on data from contemporary South Africa show that the labour market is the key driver of overall household inequality. In order to understand one of the channels driving this labour market inequality, we use national household survey data to review changing returns to education in the South African labour market over the last 15 years; with a focus on both the returns to getting employment as well as the earnings returns… 

Education and wage inequality: Prospects for income redistribution

Despite significant expansions in educational attainment over the two decades following democracy–particularly amongst the workforce–wage and income inequality in South Africa ranks amongst the

Describing and decomposing post-apartheid income inequality in South Africa

This paper describes the changes in inequality in South Africa over the post-apartheid period, using income data from 1993 and 2008. Having shown that the data are comparable over time, it then

Changes in education, employment and earnings in South Africa: A cohort analysis

Rapid increases in educational attainment and the massification of secondary education in South Africa resulted in substantial differences in the supply and quality of educated workers across

The social unemployment gap in South Africa: Limits of enabling socio-economic redress through expanding access to higher education

The South African government recently adopted an education policy that attempts to achieve socio-economic redress through expanding free university education to first-year students from low-income

A Society Divided: How Unequal Education Quality Limits Social Mobility in South Africa

The central focus of this research project is the investigation of the role of education in promoting social mobility for the poor in the highly unequal South African economic landscape. The

The Rise of the ‘Missing Middle’ in an Emerging Economy: The Case of South Africa

Empirical evidence indicates that the South African labour market has been characterized by a U-shaped earnings growth pattern over the post-apartheid period. The bottom and top percentiles of the

Labour unions and wage inequality among African men in South Africa

One Achilles' heel of post-Apartheid South Africa is the growing intra-racial income inequality, particularly among Africans. This paper examines the role of labour unions in explaining this

The impact of educational attainment on household poverty in South Africa: A case study of Limpopo province1

The provision of education in South Africa during the apartheid regime was poor, particularly for the African population and especially those living in the homelands. This has hindered those lacking

Economic and Social Inequalities in Democratic South Africa

This chapter wrestles with inequalities in South Africa in detail, not just the economic inequality which usually dominates discourse on inequalities in the post-apartheid dispensation. There are

The evolution of educational inequalities through secondary school: Evidence from a South African panel study

Schooling outcomes in South Africa are characterised by significant inequalities on the basis of race and socio-economic status. This paper reports on findings from a unique panel dataset that



Earnings functions, labour market discrimination and quality of education in South Africa

Education is a key determinant of earnings, as several South African studies have confirmed. Years of schooling completed, however, provides an imperfect approximation of the effective level of

The Demand for Tertiary Education in South Africa

This report has two related objectives. The first is to clarify the relationship between the length of stay in education and access to the job market based on South African household survey data. The

The Post-Apartheid Evolution of Earnings Inequality in South Africa, 1995-2004

This paper examines the trend in post-Apartheid earnings inequality in South Africa. By combining data sets, the paper is able to analyze the trend for the whole period 1995-2004. Earnings inequality

Returns to Race: Labour Market Discrimination in Post-Apartheid South Africa

This paper empirically assesses the impact of post-1994 policy making on racial discrimination in the South African labour market. The post-apartheid government has implemented a series of remedial

Low Schooling for Girls, Slower Growth for All? Cross-Country Evidence on the Effect of Gender Inequality in Education on Economic Development

Using cross-country and panel regressions, this article investigates how gender inequality in education affects long-term economic growth. Such inequality is found to have an effect on economic

Credit Constraints and the Racial Gap in Post-Secondary Education in South Africa

This paper analyzes the impact of high school household income and scholastic ability on post-secondary enrollment in South Africa. Using longitudinal data from the Cape Area Panel Study (CAPS), we

Trends in South African Income Distribution and Poverty since the Fall of Apartheid

This report presents a detailed analysis of changes in both poverty and inequality since the fall of Apartheid, and the potential drivers of such developments. Use is made of national survey data

Apartheid's Enduring Legacy: Inequalities in Education

This paper provides a broad overview of the economic dimensions of the educational situation in South Africa a decade after the political transition. An important question is whether changes since

Education Returns across Quantiles of the Wage Function: Alternative Explanations for Returns to Education by Race in South Africa

Private wage returns to schooling in South Africa in 1993 are twice as high for nonwhites as for whites and substantially higher at advanced levels of schooling for both races. To explore how these

Causes and consequences of schooling outcomes in South Africa: Evidence from survey data

This paper provides an overview of evidence on education in South Africa provided by household survey data, with a particular focus on large national surveys such as the 1993 South African Living