Ectopic maxillary third molar in Early Pleistocene Homo antecessor from Atapuerca-Gran Dolina site (Burgos, Spain).

  title={Ectopic maxillary third molar in Early Pleistocene Homo antecessor from Atapuerca-Gran Dolina site (Burgos, Spain).},
  author={Laura Mart{\'i}n-Franc{\'e}s and Mar{\'i}a Martin{\'o}n‐Torres and Marina Mart{\'i}nez de Pinillos and Priscilla Bayle and Pilar Fern{\'a}ndez-Col{\'o}n and Cecilia Garc{\'i}a-Campos and Mario Modesto-Mata and Eudald Carbonell and Juan Luis Arsuaga and Jos{\'e} Mar{\'i}a Berm{\'u}dez de Castro},
  journal={American journal of physical anthropology},
OBJECTIVES Here we describe the case of an ectopic maxillary third molar (M3 ), preventing the eruption of the M2 , in the individual H3 of the hominin hypodigm of level TD6.2 of the Early Pleistocene site of Gran Dolina (Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain). MATERIALS AND METHODS The fossil remains from the TD6.2 level of the Gran Dolina site (about 170 specimens) are assigned to Homo antecessor. Different geochronological methods place these hominins in the oxygen isotopic stage 21, between 0.8 and… 
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A modern human pattern of dental development in lower pleistocene hominids from Atapuerca-TD6 (Spain).
Evidence derived from Lower Pleistocene human fossil remains recovered from the TD6 level (Aurora stratum) of the Gran Dolina site in the Sierra de Atapuerca, northern Spain supports the view that as early as 0.8 Ma at least one Homo species shared with modern humans a prolonged pattern of maturation.
Evolutionary interpretation of the modern human-like facial morphology of the Atapuerca Gran Dolina-TD6 hominins
It is suggested that a more parsimonious interpretation of Homo antecessor envisages the hypothetical existence of an Early Pleistocene hominin population, from which several homin in lineages originate and inherit particular combinations of derived features.
Evidence of Stress Fracture in a Homo antecessor Metatarsal from Gran Dolina Site (Atapuerca, Spain)
The palaeopathological analysis of a right fourth metatarsal recovered from the Atapuerca–Gran Dolina site (Spain) is presented and it is suggested that the ATD6-124 lesion could correspond to a pedal stress fracture, also known as fatigue or march fracture.
Enamel hypoplasias and physiological stress in the Sima de los Huesos Middle Pleistocene hominins.
The majority of LEH in the SH sample occurred during the third year of life and may be related to the metabolic stress associated with weaning, and the most likely explanation for the relatively low LEH and PFD prevalence suggests that the SH population exhibited a low level of developmental stress.
Brief communication: possible third molar impactions in the hominid fossil record.
Describing the appearance of impacted teeth and noting two possible instances of impaction in early hominids are noted, and it is suggested that more attention be paid to dental impaction and dental crowding in hominid evolution.